report a history of cancer have higher levels of disability relative to the general population (Figures 2-13 and 2-14). By age group, they are more likely to report having limitations in ADLs (e.g., personal care needs) and functional limitations (e.g., walking, participating in social activities) (see Chapter 6 for a description of work limitations).
Results from other large, nationally representative surveys also associate a history of cancer with relatively high rates of disability (McNeil and Binette, 2001). In 1999, 2 percent of individuals with a history of cancer reported cancer as a main cause of disabilities, including ADL/IADLs, functional limitations, and work limitations. This finding came from the Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation in which 36,700 households were represented. Cancer ranked 13th of the conditions most associated with disability (the leading causes of disability were arthritis or rheumatism, back or spine problems, and heart trouble).