methods used to derive these estimates). These expenditures are significantly higher than those made by individuals who do not report health effects of cancer ($520 among those ages 25 to 64 and $1,221 for those aged 65 and older) (Figure 6-5).
These expenditures represent a considerable burden, especially for those with low incomes. In 1998, health-related out-of-pocket spending among those with a cancer history represented 9 percent of income for those with an annual family income under $20,000 and about 1 percent for those with an annual family income of $55,000 or more (Center on an Aging Society, 2002).
The experiences of cancer survivors who are poor and privately insured are likely similar to individuals with other chronic illnesses. Between 2001