Aging and social engagement, 69–72

mental stimulation and cognitive aging, 71–72

neurocognitive function and cognition, 70–71

Aging societies, future of, 13

Agreeableness, 22

Alcoholism, 37, 42, 58

Alzheimer’s disease, 68, 75, 77

America

the “aging of,” 1

well-being of, 250

American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), 163–164

American Psychological Association, 249

Amygdala, 70, 148

Anger, and risk aversion, 152

Anti-Semitism, 235

Antonucci, Toni, 25

Art of Asking Questions, The, 233

Attenuation, of question order effects, 220–221

Attitude change processes, thoughtful or automatic, 47–49

Attitude reports, 220–225

negative, 24

question order effects decreasing with aging, 220–221

response order effects increasing with age, 221–225

strong and positive, 24

Attitudes, 175–180

automatic, 52

guiding people’s decisions and actions, 46

implicit or unconscious, 179–180

toward different older adult subtypes, 176

toward the future, 60

Attitudes toward body image, racial and ethnic differences in, 32

Authoritarian Personality, The, 235

Automatic attitudes, 52

Automatic biases, challenging, 90

Automatic evaluations, 85

B

Bandura, Albert, 23

Beatles, 9

Behavior.

See also Addictive behaviors

genetic explanations for, 21

importance of context in maintaining, 41

key to all aging scenarios, 13

neuroscience studying its relation to the brain, 37

prediction of, 210

Behavior-based research, 3

Behavior change, sustaining, 134–138

Behavior toward older adults, 180–184

interventions, 183–184

patronizing versus accommodating speech, 181–183

Behavioral and Social Research Program, 2, 11, 16, 247

Behavioral forecasting measures, 62

Behavioral frequency reports, 225–227

response alternatives, 226–227

subjective theories, 225–226

Behavioral observations, 83–84

Behavioral practices, 5

Behavioral science, recent developments in, 12

Beliefs, 21

about age-related decline, 80

about aging, 89

about memory loss, 30

acquired, 23

self-efficacy, 44

Binge eating, 42

Blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signals, 240

Body image, racial and ethnic differences in attitudes toward, 32

BOLD. See Blood-oxygen-level-dependent signals

Boomer generation, 9

Brain imaging methods, 241

C

Cantril, Hadley, 233

Capabilities for deciding, 56–59

individual, 56–58

meta-awareness, 58–59

Caregiving, 12, 26

Cellular senescence, 21

Center for Scientific Review, 249



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