MARK H. ELLISMAN is professor in the Department of Neurosciences at the School of Medicine and the Department of Bioengineering, director of the National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research at UCSD, and chair of the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) Executive Committee. Dr. Ellisman’s research focuses on cellular neurobiology and the dynamic interplay between structure and function in the nervous system, with a focus on excitable membrane properties and enabling remote access to large-scale scientific instrumentation. At UCSD, Dr. Ellisman is director of the Center for Research in Biological Structure and director of the Neurosciences Laboratory for Neurocytology. Since 1997, he has been the neuroscience thrust leader and cross-disciplinary coordinator for the National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure. Dr. Ellisman is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Society for Neurosciences, and American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He has served on numerous editorial boards and has been associate editor of the Journal of Neurocytology since 1980. Dr. Ellisman is a also grant reviewer for organizations such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation, and a consultant for associations such as the Association for Advanced Technology in the Biomedical Sciences and Pfizer. He has published numerous journal and conference articles and technical reports. He holds a Ph.D. degree in biology and an M.A. degree in neurophysiology both from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and an A.B. degree with honors from the University of California, Berkeley.


MARCUS W. FELDMAN is a professor of biological sciences at Stanford University. He uses applied mathematics and computer modeling to simulate and analyze the process of evolution. Specific areas of research include the evolution of complex genetic systems that can undergo both natural selection and recombination and the evolution of learning as one interface between modern methods in artificial intelligence and models of biological processes, including communication. He also studies the evolution of modern humans using models for the dynamics of molecular polymorphisms, especially DNA variants. He is managing editor of Theoretical Population Biology and associate editor of Genetics and of Complexity. Dr. Feldman is a member of the American Society of Naturalists, and the American Society of Human Genetics, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received his B.Sc. in 1964 from the University of Western Australia, his M.Sc. in 1966 from Monash University, Australia, and his Ph.D. in biomathematics from Stanford in 1969.


DAVID K. GIFFORD is a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is working on the analysis of RNA expression data using graphical models. Professor Gifford has also developed programmed mutagenesis, a technique for programmatically rewriting DNA sequences by incorporating sequence-specific oligonucleotides into newly manufactured strands of DNA. Dr. Gifford serves as group leader for the Programming Systems Research Group at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science. This group is dedicated to finding new ways of programming existing systems and developing new programmable systems. The group’s efforts concentrate on combining existing technologies and inventing new ones to deliver new ways of computing in selected areas: programming language development; information discovery, retrieval, and distribution; algebraic and computational video; and most recently, computation using biological substrates. Dr. Gifford earned his S.B. in 1976 from MIT and his M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1978 and 1981, respectively. He is a tenured member of the MIT faculty, which he joined in 1982. He was appointed to the Karl Van Tassel Career Development Chair at MIT in 1990.


TAKEO KANADE received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Kyoto University, Japan, in 1974. After being on the faculty in the Department of Information Science, Kyoto University, he joined the Computer Science Department and Robotics Institute in 1980. He became associate professor in 1982, a full professor in 1985, the U.A. and Helen Whitaker Professor in 1993, and a University Professor in 1998. He has been the Director of the Robotics Institute since 1992. He served as the founding chairman (1989-1993) of the robotics Ph.D. program at Carnegie Mellon University, probably the first of its kind in



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