Staudt, L. M., and S. Dave. 2005. The biology of human lymphoid malignancies revealed by gene expression profiling. Adv. Immunol. 87:163-208.


Thackray, A., ed. 1998. Private Science: Biotechnology and the Rise of the Molecular Sciences. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Thursby, M. C., J. Thursby, and E. Dechenaux. 2005. Shirking Sharing Risk, and Shelving: The role of University License Contracts. (Working Paper No. 11128). National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.


U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. 1988. Mapping Our Genes. Genome Projects: How Big? How Fast? OTA-BA-273. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Venter, J. C., M. D. Adams, E. W. Myers, P. W. Li, R. J. Mural, et al. 2001. The sequence of the human genome. Science. 291(5507):1304-1351.

Vermij, P. 2005. BRAC1 patent revisited. Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3):277.

Vinarov, S. D. 2003. Patent protection for structural genomics-related inventions. J. Struct. Funct. Genomics. 4(2-3):191-209.


Walsh, J. P., A. Arora, and W. M. Cohen. 2003. Research tool patent and licensing and biomedical innovation. In: Patents in the Knowledge-Based Economy, pp. 285-340. W. Cohen and S. Merrill, eds. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

Walsh, J. P., C. Cho, and W. M. Cohen. 2005. Patents, Material Transfers, and Access to Research Inputs in Biomedical Research at http://www.uic.edu/~jwalsh/NASreport.html.

Watson, J. D., and F. H. Crick. 1953. Molecular structure of nucleic acids; a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature. 171(4356):737-738.

Watson F. L., R. Puttmann-Holgado, F. Thomas, D. L. Lamar, M. Hughes, M. Kondo, V. I. Rebel, and D. Schmucker. 2005. Extensive diversity of Ig-superfamily proteins in the immune system of insects. Science. 309(5742):1874-1878.

Wright, B., and P. G. Pardey. 2005. Intellectual property protection: A challenge to agricultural biotechnology innovation developing countries. Unpublished paper.


Yamamoto, Y., and R. B. Gaynor. 2001. Role of the NF-kappaB pathway in the pathogenesis of human disease states. Curr. Mol. Med. 1(3):287-296.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement