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Assessing Fitness for Military Enlistment: Physical, Medical, and Mental Health Standards References Accession Medical Standards Analysis & Research Activity. (2002). Annual report. Silver Spring, MD: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Accession Medical Standards Analysis & Research Activity. (2003). Annual report. Silver Spring, MD: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Almeida, S.A., Maxwell Williams, K., Shaffer, R.A., Luz, J.T., Badong, E.A., and Brodine, S.K. (1997). A physical training program to reduce musculoskeletal injuries in U.S. Marine Corps recruits (Technical Report 97-2B). San Diego: Naval Health Research Center. Almeida, S.A., Maxwell Williams, K., Shaffer, R.A., and Brodine, S.K. (1999). Epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries and physical training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 1176-1182. Altarac, M., Gardner, J.W., Popovich, R., Potter, R., Knapik, J.J., and Jones B.H. (2000). Cigarette smoking and exercise-related injuries among young men and women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18 (3S), 96-102. American College of Sports Medicine. (1998). ACSM position stand on the recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 975-991. American College of Sports Medicine. (2005). ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 7th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Anders, C., Bretschneider, S., et al. (2004). Activation of shoulder muscles in healthy men and women under isometric conditions. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 14, 699-707. Armor, D.J., and Roll, C.R., Jr. (1994). Military manpower quality: Past, present, and future. In National Research Council, Modeling cost and performance for military enlistment: Report of a workshop (pp. 13-34). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Baker, K.R., Xu, L., et al. (2004). Quadriceps weakness and its relationship to tibiofemoral and patellofemoral knee osteoarthritis in Chinese: The Beijing osteoarthritis study. Arthritis and Rheumatology, 50, 1815-1821. Bartone, P.T., Adler, A.B., and Vaitkus, M.A. (1998). Dimensions of psychological stress in peacekeeping operations. Military Medicine, 163, 587-593.

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