Blood pressure testing, 39

Blood testing, 39

Body fat. See Body weight and composition

Body mass index

asthma risk, 131

current military population, 111–117

current standards, 3, 185

injury and attrition rates and, 7–8, 17, 186

population profile, 110, 111

recommendations for fitness assessment, 9, 126–127, 186, 187, 195

retention standards, 187

See also Body weight and composition

Body weight and composition, 3

body fat measurement, 113, 117–119

changes in basic training, 123–125

cost-performance trade-off analysis of standards for, 56–59

current military population, 113–119

current population profile, 3, 110–111

current standards, 3, 185

data sources, 17

in definition of physical fitness, 68

demographic differences, 110, 111–113

disqualification for service based on, 3, 15, 109, 185

height and weight tables, 117

MEPS screening, 26, 28–29, 178

military job performance and, 52, 122–123

rationale for enlistment standards, 119, 122–123, 185–186

recommendations for fitness

assessment, 9, 126–127, 186, 195

recruiting station assessment, 25, 177

retention standards, 117, 127, 185, 186–187

risk of injury and attrition, 80, 81–82, 96, 119–121, 185–186

waivers of disqualification, 7–8, 17

See also Body mass index;

Obese and overweight persons

Bone injuries, 79.

See also Musculoskeletal injury/disease;

Orthopedic screening

Bone remodeling, 94

Bulimia, 143

Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, 29

C

Cardiorespiratory fitness

attrition risk and, 87–88

body composition and, 119

current military profile, 73–74

current population profile, 73, 74–77

data sources, 17

disqualifications for service, 15, 109

as predictive of military service performance, 7

risk of injury and, 80–81, 82, 86

See also Endurance, cardiorespiratory

Chief medical officer, MEPS, 26

Chronic pain disorder, 143

Cigarette use

associated behavioral problems, 8, 170–172, 194

cost-performance trade-off analysis of standards for, 172–174

educational attainment and, 174–176

enlistment standards, 5, 152, 163

historical military policy, 162

implications for enlistment screening, 174–176

injury and attrition risk, 8, 99, 167–172, 193–194, 196

in military population, 162–163, 165–167, 193, 194

patterns and trends, 5, 163–167

research needs, 9, 176, 194, 196

Combat experience, mental health outcomes, 141

Combat readiness

components of, 18

as physical fitness standard, 6, 14

Conduct disorder, 138, 142

Contract, enlistment, 41

Costs

asthma care, 8, 132

attrition, 49, 54

benefits of injury reduction programs, 103–105

cost-performance trade-off analysis, 53–59.

See also Trade-off model for assessing standards

military entrance processing, 29

military training, 168

educational attainment of recruits and, 39, 49, 54

musculoskeletal injuries, 79, 181



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