mon; reviews of such litigation are found in Hogan and Quigley (1986) and Terpstra, Mohamed, and Kethley (1999).

Thus the civilian literature does document that individuals’ standing on physical ability measures relevant to the job setting is correlated with subsequent job performance. Because measures of individual job performance are generally not available in military settings, this civilian research reinforces the importance of attending to physical ability and fitness as a determinant of performance. One example of military research accomplished in this regard is a study of Marine Corps physical fitness testing and the relationship of the tests to performance of rifleman tasks in arduous environments (Davis, Dotson, and Sharkey, 1986). The researchers developed a taxonomy of combat tasks, created simulated combat missions, and identified a set of criterion tasks. The ability to perform effectively was predicted by various parts of the Marine Corps physical fitness test. This work was accomplished with using subjects and tasks from one military occupational specialty.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

To adequately assess the impact of medical standards on applicant flow and disqualification rates, information about screening that takes place before the MEPS physical is required.

Recommendation 2-1: The Services should develop a procedure for maintaining data from the DD Form 2807-2 (Medical Prescreening of Medical History Report) in an automated form for all applicants, including those who are disqualified at the recruiting station.

In order to understand the fitness requirements needed to perform the set of common military tasks in each service, an analysis of the requirements of each task is needed. While the requirements of a few tasks (e.g., carrying a loaded pack) have been studied, there is no systematic analysis of the entire set of common tasks within each service.

Recommendation 2-2: We recommend that research be undertaken to determine the fitness requirements (based on defining the functional requirements) of the common tasks cutting across military occupational specialties in each Service, with the goal of using this research to set fitness standards.

We note that the use of different fitness measures by the Services makes it difficult to assess fitness across the Services. While acknowledging that each Service may have reason to set standards differently from the others and may have reason to implement additional Service-specific



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