TABLE D-1 Estimated Energy Requirements for Proposed Food Intake Patterns of U.S. Children and Adolescents, Ages 2–18 Years

Age

Boys

 

Girls

Sedentary

Low Active

Active

Sedentary

Low Active

Active

EER

Target Pattern

EER

Suggested Patterns

EER

Suggested Patterns

Age

EER

Target Pattern

EER

Suggested Patterns

EER

Suggested Patterns

2

1,050

1,000

1,050

1,000–1,400

1,050

1,000–1,400

2

997

1,000

997

1,100–1,200

997

1,000–1,400

3

1,162

 

1,324

 

1,485

 

3

1,080

 

1,243

 

1,395

 

4

1,215

1,400

1,390

1,400–1,600

1,566

1,600–2,000

4

1,133

1,200

1,310

1,400–1,600

1,475

1,400–1,800

5

1,275

 

1,466

 

1,658

 

5

1,189

 

1,379

 

1,557

 

6

1,328

1,535

1,742

6

1,247

1,451

1,642

7

1,394

1,617

1,840

7

1,298

1,515

1,719

8

1,453

1,692

1,931

8

1,360

1,593

1,810

9

1,530

1,800

1,787

1,800–2,200

2,043

2,000–2,600

9

1,415

1,600

1,660

1,600–2,000

1,890

1,800–2,000

10

1,601

 

1,875

 

2,149

 

10

1,470

 

1,729

 

1,972

 

11

1,691

1,985

2,279

11

1,538

1,813

2,071

12

1,798

2,200

2,113

2,400–2,800

2,428

2,800–3,200

12

1,617

1,800

1,909

2,000

2,183

2,400

13

1,935

 

2,276

 

2,618

 

13

1,684

 

1,992

 

2,281

 

14

2,090

2,459

2,829

14

1,718

2,036

2,334

15

2,223

2,618

3,013

15

1,731

2,057

2,362

16

2,320

2,736

3,152

16

1,729

2,059

2,368

17

2,366

2,796

3,226

17

1,710

2,042

2,353

18

2,383

2,823

3,263

18

1,690

2,024

2,336

NOTE: This table shows target and suggested energy intake levels for each age and gender group for proposed Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) intake patterns. These target and suggested levels are based on Estimated Energy Requirements (EER) calculated by gender, age, and activity level for reference-sized individuals (IOM, 2002). Sedentary is defined as a lifestyle that includes only the physical activity of independent living. Low active is defined as a lifestyle that includes a physical activity equivalent to walking about 1.5 to 3 miles per day at 3 to 4 miles per hour, in addition to the activities of independent living. Active is defined as a lifestyle that includes a physical activity equivalent to walking more than 3 miles daily at 3 to 4 miles per hour, in addition to the activities of independent living. Target patterns are the energy levels assigned to each age and gender group that are used to determine the nutrient adequacy of the food guidance system daily food intake patterns for each group. One target pattern is set for each age and gender group, and is appropriate for most sedentary individuals in the group, based on the calculated EER. For children ages 9 to 13, energy levels for the target patterns were selected at the higher end of the age range to allow for growth spurts during this period. Suggested patterns are the food guidance system daily food intake patterns that are generally appropriate for low active or active individuals for each age and gender group, based on their EER. These suggested patterns are not used to determine nutritional adequacy of the pattern but to suggest appropriate food selections for those requiring more calories than the target patterns provide.



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