The Foods of Our Delta Study was a cross-sectional survey of a culturally diverse population residing in the Lower Mississippi Delta region of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi (Champagne et al., 2004). Calorie intake did not differ between the children ages 3–18 years in the Delta and CSFII 1994–1996 and 1998.20 Average intakes of folate were consistently higher in the Delta children due to the mandatory fortification of enriched grain products that occurred between the time of the national survey and the Delta Study. The average food and nutrient intakes of African American children in the Delta region were similar to those of African American children in the U.S. population, with the only difference being fewer servings of RTE cereals in the Delta region.

However, intakes for white children in the Delta Study were significantly lower for dietary fiber, vitamin A, carotene, riboflavin, vitamin B6, vitamin C, calcium, and iron than for the white U.S. population, and more similar to intakes for African American children both in the Delta region and nationally—except for vitamin C, which was lower, and calcium, which was higher, for whites. Lower intakes of RTE breakfast cereals, fruit, vegetables, and dairy foods accounted for the lower nutrient intakes of the white Delta children. White Delta children had higher added sugar intakes than those in the U.S. population. Overall the intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products was poor for the children in the Delta region—similar to children in the U.S. population in general.

Data from the Bogalusa Heart Study21 provide additional insight into dietary patterns of children (ages 10 years) residing in the South, including trends from 1973 to 1994. The trends in general are consistent with national trends, with a few notable exceptions. For example, the percentage of Bogalusa children consuming desserts and candy and the mean gram amount consumed, decreased significantly, although they have increased nationally (Nicklas et al., 2004a). Similar to national trends, however, the mean amount consumed increased for cheese, salty snacks, and sweetened beverages, and decreased for milk. Unlike the national population, though, the increase in overall sweetened beverage intake in Bogalusa was due to an increase in the amount of tea with sugar consumed, as the amount of fruit drinks and carbonated soft drinks did not change significantly (Rajeshwari et al., 2005).

Examination of the sweetened beverage data from Bogalusa by tertiles of consumption revealed no significant change in mean consumption be-

20  

Dietary information in the Foods of Our Delta Study was obtained by methods similar to those used in CSFII 1994–1996 and 1998 (Champagne et al., 2004).

21  

A total of 1,548 10-year-old children, attending fifth grade in the Bogalusa, LA, school system, participated in one of seven cross-sectional surveys from 1973 to 1994 (Nicklas et al., 2004a). Dietary information was collected by a single 24-hour recall.



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