eration and maintenance costs, technical research support staff, and space— and to provide the institutional resources necessary for researchers interested in developing instruments.

R3-2: Given that most ARIF are used for multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research, the funding and management of such instrumentation should be structured so that it has institution-wide, or even user community-wide, characteristics and should be reviewed regularly in a performance-based manner. That could involve a more centralized management structure in an administrative office for research. Facilities organized in an academic institution may benefit from having an institution-wide oversight group.

R3-3: Academic institutions should enhance the career paths of PhD-level technical research support staff essential for ARIF by establishing long-term and stable staff positions for the lifetime of the instruments. These experts are vital to research involving ARIF, and their continued support would greatly enhance institutional and federal investment in ARIF.

R3-4: Academic institutions should continue to discuss the issue of federal agency support for operation and maintenance costs for instruments with the Research Business Models Subcommittee of the Office of Science and Technology Policy’s National Science and Technology Council.

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