Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$60.00



View/Hide Left Panel

The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries

Selected Studies

Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen, Editors

Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries

Committee on Population

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries Selected Studies Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen, Editors Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries Committee on Population Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by a cooperative agreement between the National Academy of Sciences and the United States Agency for International Development (CCP-3078-A-00-5024) and from grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the World Bank. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The changing transitions to adulthood in developing countries : selected studies / Cynthia B. Lloyd … [et al.], editors ; Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries ; Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-309-09680-4 (pbk.)—ISBN 0-309-55130-7 (pdf) 1. Young adults—Developing countries. 2. Youth—Developing countries. 3. Adulthood—Developing countries. 4. School-to-work transition—Developing countries. I. Lloyd, Cynthia B., 1943- . II. National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. III. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Population. HQ799.8.D45C43 2005 305.242′091724—dc22 2005017524 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); http://www.nap.edu. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright 2005 by the National Academies. All rights reserved. Suggested citation: National Research Council. (2005). The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen, eds. Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. Committee on Population. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies This page intentionally left blank.

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies PANEL ON TRANSITIONS TO ADULTHOOD IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES CYNTHIA B. LLOYD (Chair), Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York CARLOS E. ARAMBURÚ, Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social, Lima, Peru NAN MARIE ASTONE, Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University KAUSHIK BASU, Department of Economics, Cornell University JERE R. BEHRMAN, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania ANASTASIA J. GAGE, Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University SHIREEN J. JEJEEBHOY, Population Council, New Delhi, India RICHARD JESSOR, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE-DEFO, Department of Demography, University of Montreal DAVID A. LAM, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor ROBERT J. MAGNANI, Family Health International, Arlington, VA BARBARA S. MENSCH, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York SUSHEELA SINGH, The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York NELLY P. STROMQUIST, School of Education, University of Southern California Liaison to Committee on Adolescent Health and Development ROBERT BLUM, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies COMMITTEE ON POPULATION 2003-2005 KENNETH W. WACHTER (Chair), Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley ANNE C. CASE, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University CHARLES B. KEELY, Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University DAVID I. KERTZER, Department of Anthropology, Brown University BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE DEFO, Department of Demography, University of Montreal CYNTHIA B. LLOYD, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York THOMAS W. MERRICK, Center for Global Health, George Washington University RUBÉN G. RUMBAUT, Department of Sociology and Center for Research on Immigration, Population, and Public Policy, University of California, Irvine JAMES W. VAUPEL, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany ROBERT J. WILLIS, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor BARNEY COHEN, Director

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies CONTRIBUTORS JERE R. BEHRMAN, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania JOHN B. CASTERLINE, Department of Demography, Pennsylvania State University BARNEY COHEN, Committee on Population, The National Academies, Washington, DC MONICA J. GRANT, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York SHIVA S. HALLI, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada KELLY HALLMAN, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York EMILY HANNUM, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania PAUL C. HEWETT, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York SHIREEN J. JEJEEBHOY, Population Council, New Delhi, India JAMES C. KNOWLES, Independent consultant, Bangkok, Thailand BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE-DEFO, Department of Demography, University of Montreal, Canada DAVID A. LAM, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor JIHONG LIU, Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health CYNTHIA B. LLOYD, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York LETÍCIA MARTELETO, Department of Demography, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil BARBARA S. MENSCH, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York AGNES R. QUISUMBING, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Washington, DC PIYALI SENGUPTA, Independent research consultant, Wilmington, DE SUSHEELA SINGH, The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York NELLY P. STROMQUIST, School of Education, University of Southern California

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies This page intentionally left blank.

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies Acknowledgments In 2001 the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine convened a multidisciplinary panel of experts to assess how the transition to adulthood is changing in the developing world and what the implications of those changes might be for the design and improvement of programs and policies affecting young people. In December 2004 the panel released its report, Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries, with the panel’s findings, analysis, and conclusions. This companion volume contains the detailed background papers that the panel commissioned to help its work. The papers in this volume have been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the NRC. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published volume as sound as possible and to ensure that the volume meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to charge. The review comments remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of one or more papers in this volume: Samer Al-Samarrai, Department of Economics, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, United Kingdom; Mary Arends-Kuenning, Department of Agriculture and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Magali Barbieri, Institut National Etudes Démographiques, France; David Bishai, Department of Population and Family Health Science, Johns Hopkins University; John Bongaarts, Population

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies Council, New York; Deborah Davis, Department of Sociology, Yale University; Deborah DeGraff, Department of Economics, Bowdoin College, Maine; Anil Deolalikar, Department of Humanities, University of California, Riverside; Andrew Foster, Department of Economics, Brown University; Elizabeth Fussell, Department of Sociology, Tulane University; Paul Glewwe, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota; Daniel Goodkind, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC; Margaret Greene, Center for Global Health, George Washington University; Leah C. Gutierrez, Asian Development Bank, Philippines; John Hobcraft, Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York, United Kingdom; Allen Kelley, Department of Economics, Duke University; Reed Larson, Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Deborah Levison, Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota; Anju Malhotra, Population and Social Transitions, International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC; Peter McDonald, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Australia; Elena Nightingale, Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC; Constantijn W.A. Panis, Center for the Study of Aging, RAND, California; David Post, Department of Education Policy Studies, Pennsylvania State University; Robert Prouty, World Bank, Washington, DC; George Psacharopoulos, State MP, Greece; Vijayendra Rao, Development Research Group, World Bank, Washington, DC; Ronald R. Rindfuss, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Najma Sharif, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University, Nova Scotia, Canada; Susan Short, Department of Sociology, Brown University; Tom A.B. Snijders, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Insan Tunali, Department of Economics, University of Kansas; Etienne van de Walle, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of any of the papers nor did they see the final version of any paper before this publication. The review of this volume was overseen by Cynthia B. Lloyd, Population Council; Jere R. Behrman, University of Pennsylvania; and Nelly P. Stromquist, University of Southern California. Appointed by the NRC, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of the papers was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this volume rests entirely with the authors.

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies Contents 1   Introduction Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen   1 2   Changing Contexts in Which Youth Are Transitioning to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Converging Toward Developed Economies? Jere R. Behrman and Piyali Sengupta   13 3   Small Families and Large Cohorts: The Impact of the Demographic Transition on Schooling in Brazil David A. Lam and Letícia Marteleto   56 4   Progress Toward Education for All: Trends and Current Challenges for sub-Saharan Africa Paul C. Hewett and Cynthia B. Lloyd   84 5   Trends in the Timing of First Marriage Among Men and Women in the Developing World Barbara S. Mensch, Susheela Singh, and John B. Casterline   118 6   Marriage Patterns in Rural India: Influence of Sociocultural Context Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Shiva S. Halli   172

OCR for page R1
The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies 7   Marriage in Transition: Evidence on Age, Education, and Assets from Six Developing Countries Agnes R. Quisumbing and Kelly Hallman   200 8   Adolescent Transitions to Adulthood in Reform-Era China Emily Hannum and Jihong Liu   270 9   Growing Up in Pakistan: The Separate Experiences of Males and Females Cynthia B. Lloyd and Monica J. Grant   320 10   Multilevel Modeling of Influences on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries with Special Reference to Cameroon Barthélémy Kuate-Defo   367 11   Assessing the Economic Returns to Investing in Youth in Developing Countries James C. Knowles and Jere R. Behrman   424     APPENDIX   491      Contents: Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries