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ing data from Vietnam and Thailand, raised questions about the heavy emphasis on girls’ schooling in the international community given the much wider gaps in schooling by household wealth. This chapter offers a new comparison of the size of gender gaps and wealth gaps across most of the countries of sub-Saharan Africa using several widely accepted schooling indicators. With the gender gap closing in many cases at levels of educational attainment that fall far short of universal primary schooling, new strategies will need to be devised to reach the poorest parents and their children.

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