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TABLE 4-1 Key Features of Educational Systems in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000

 

Constitutional Guarantee

Age of Entry

Years of Primary

Compulsory

Free

Benin

 

6

6

Burkina Faso

7

6

Cameroon

6

6

Central African Republic

6

6

Chad

6

6

Comoros

6

6

Côte d’Ivoire

6

6

Ethiopia

7

6

Ghana

6

6

Guinea

7

6

Kenya

6

7

Madagascar

6

5

Malawi

6

6

Mali

7

6

Mozambique

6

5

Niger

7

6

Nigeria

6

6

Rwanda

7

6

South Africa

7

7

Tanzania

7

7

Togo

a

a

6

6

Uganda

a

 

6

7

Zambia

 

 

7

7

Zimbabwe

a

a

6

7

aTo be progressively introduced.

SOURCES: UNESCO (2002, 2003) and Tomasevski (2001).

second part of the chapter, we use DHS education data to explore longer term trends in schooling performance. In the final part of the chapter, we evaluate what is likely the biggest challenge for the next 10 years in achieving education for all in sub-Saharan Africa.

MONITORING PROGRESS IN SCHOOLING

International efforts to improve educational participation and attainment have put a premium on the development of indicators to monitor progress and to assess whether countries will meet the targets set by the EFA framework and the MDG. Two principal indicators that have been used by UNESCO and UNICEF to monitor progress toward universal education have been the NPER and the survival rate to grade 5 (UNESCO,



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