Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 41
Child Health in Complex Emergencies References Aaby, P., Gomes, J., et al. (1999). Nutritional status and mortality of refugee and resident children in a non-camp setting during conflict: Follow-up study in Guinea-Bissau. British Medical Journal, 319, 878-881. Ahmad, K. (2002). War and gerbils compound Afghan leishmaniasis epidemic. Lancet, Infectious Diseases, 2, 268. Albertyn, R., Bickler, S.W., van As, A.B., Millar, A.J.W., and Rode, H. (2003). The effects of war on children in Africa. Pediatric Surgeons International, 19, 227-232. Al Gasseer, N., Dresden, E., Keeney, G.B., and Warren, N. (2004). Status of women and infants in complex humanitarian emergencies. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 49(Suppl. 1), 7-13. Allwood, M.A., Bell-Dolan, D., and Husain, S.A. (2002). Children’s trauma and adjustment reactions to violent and nonviolent war experiences . Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 450-457. Ascherio, A., Chase, R., Cote, T., et al. (1992). Effect of the Gulf war on infant and child mortality in Iraq. New England Journal of Medicine, 327, 931-936. Barr, R.G., Menzies, R. (1994). The effect of war on tuberculosis: Results of a tuberculin survey among displaced persons in El Salvador and a review of the literature. Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 75, 251-259. Bartlett, L.A., Jamieson, D.J., Kahn, T., Sultana, M., Wilson, H.G., and Duerr, A. (2002). Maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan, 1999-2000. Lancet, 359, 643-649. Beck, D., Ganges, F., Goldman, S., and Long, P. (2004). Care of the newborn reference manual. Washington, DC: Save the Children Federation. Available: http://www.savethechildren.org/publications/snl/00%20-%20Care%20of%20the%20Newborn%20Reference%20Manual%20(3.6MB).pdf (Accessed September 27, 2005).
OCR for page 42
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Becker, D., Weine, S., Vojvoda, D., and McGlashan, T.H. (1999). Case series: PTSD symptoms in adolescent survivors of ethnic cleansing (results from a 1-year follow-up study). Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 38; 775-781. Beltramello, C., Zagaria, N., Masiello, L., and Robinson, D. (2002, April). Where there is no health worker: Saving children’s lives in southern Sudan. The Health Exchange. Biot, M., Chandramohan, D., and Porter, J.D.H. (2003). Tuberculosis treatment in complex emergencies: Are risks outweighing benefits? Tropical Medicine and International Health, 8, 211-218. Bitar, D. (2000). Reproductive health in refugee situations: Review of existing reproductive health indicators. In S.K. Krause, R.K. Jones, and S.J. Purdin (Eds.), Programmatic responses to refugees’ reproductive health needs (pp.181-187). Black, R.E., Morris, and S.S., Bryce, J. (2003). Where and why are 10 million children dying every year? Lancet, 361, 2226-2234. Blanck, H.M., Bowman, B.A., Serdula, M.K., Khan, L.K., Kohn, W., Woodruff, B.A., and the Bhutanese Refugee Investigation Group. (2002). Angular stomatitis and riboflavin status among adolescent Bhutanese refugees living in southeastern Nepal. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, 430-435. Bradaric, N., Punda-Polic, V., Milas, I., Ivic, I., Grgic, D., Radosevic, N., and Petric, I. (1996). Two outbreaks of typhoid fever related to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. European Journal of Epidemiology, 12, 409-412. Bradt, D.A., and Drummond, C.M. (2003). From complex emergencies to terrorist: New tools for health-sector coordination in conflict-associated disasters. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 18, 265-271. Bryce, J., Boschi-Pinto, C., et. al. (2005). WHO estimates of the causes of death in children. Lancet, 365, 1147-1152. Chaloner, E. J. (1996). The incidence of landmine injuries in Kuito, Angola. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 41, 398-400. Chan, E.S.Y., and King, W.W.K. (2000). Pediatric burn patients from Vietnamese Camps in Hong Kong from 1989 to 1997. Burns, 26, 271-274. Charlwood, J.D., Charlwood, J.D., Qassim, M., Elnsur, E.I., Donnelly, M., Petrarca, V., Billingsley, P.F., Pinto, J., and Smith, T. (2001). The impact of indoor residual spraying with malathion on malaria in refugee camps in Eastern Sudan. Acta Tropical, 80, 1-8. Collins, S., and Sadler, K. (2002). Outpatient care for severely malnourished children in emergency relief programmes: A retrospective cohort study. Lancet, 360, 1824-1830. Connolly, M.A., Gayer, M., Ryan, M.J., Salama, P., Spiegel, P., and Heymann, D.L. (2004). Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: Impact and challenges. Lancet, 364, 1974-1983. Coupland, R.M. (1993). Hand grenade injuries among civilians. Journal of the American Medical Association, 270, 624-626. Coupland, R.M., and Korver, A. (1991). Injuries from antipersonnel mines: The experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross. British Medical Journal, 303, 1509-1512. Darmstadt, G.L., Bhutta, Z.A., Cousens, S., Adam, T., Walker, N., and de Bernis, L. (2005). Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: How many newborn babies can we save? (Lancet neonatal survival steering team). Lancet, 365, 977-988.
OCR for page 43
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Depoortere, E., Guthmann, J., Presse, J., Sipilanyambe, N., Nkandu, E., Balkan, S., de Pecoulas, P.E., and Legros, D. (2005). Efficacy and effectiveness of the combination of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and a 3-day course of artesunate for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in a refugee settlement in Zambia. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 10, 139-145. Descenclos, J.C., Michel, D., Tholly, F., Magdi, I., Pecoul, B., and Desve, G. (1990). Mortality trends among refugees in Honduras, 1984-1987. International Journal of Epidemiology, 19, 367-373. Descenclos, J.C., Berry, A.M., Padt, R., Farah, B., Segala, C., and Nabil, A.M. (1989). Epidemiological patterns of scurvy among Ethiopian refugees. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 67, 309-316. Dowell, S.F., Toko, A., Sita, C., Piarroux, R., Duerr, A., and Woodruff, B.A. (1995). Health and nutrition in centers for unaccompanied refugee children. Experience from the 1994 Rwandan refugee crisis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 1802-1806. Duerr, A., Posner, S.F., and Gilbert, M. (2003). Evidence in support of foster care during acute refugee crises. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1904-1909. Dybdahl, R. (2001). Children and mothers in war: An outcome study of a psychosocial intervention program. Child Development, 72, 1214-1230. Dysentery Study Group. (2002). Multicenter, randomized, double blind clinical trial of short course versus standard course oral ciprofloxacin for Shigella dysenteriae type 1 dysentery in children. Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 21, 1136-1141. Evans, D.W. (2001). Malaria, malnutrition, and MSF. Medical Journal of Australia, 175, 575-576. Fazel, M., and Stein, A. (2002). The mental health of refugee children. Archives in Disease of Childhood, 87, 366-370. Gessner, B.D. (1994). Mortality rates, causes of death, and health status among displaced and resident populations of Kabul, Afganistan. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272, 382-385. Githui, W.A., Hawken, M.P., Juma, E.S., Godfrey-Faussett, P., Swai, O.B., Kubuga, D.K., Porter, J.D., Wilson, S.M., and Drobniewski, F.A. (2000). Surveillance of drug-resistant tuberculosis and molecular evaluation of transmission of resistant strains in refugee and non-refugee populations in North-Eastern Kenya. International Journal of Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 4, 947-955. Graham, K., MoHammad, N., Rehman, H., Nazari, A., Ahmad, M., Kamal, M., Skovmand, O., Guilet, P., Allan, R., Zaim, M., Yates, A., Lines, J., and Rowland, M. (2002). Insecticide-treated plastic tarpaulins for control of malaria vectors in refugee camps. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 16, 404-408. Grandesso, F., Sanderson, F., Kruijt, J., Koene, T., and Brown, V. (2004). Mortality and malnutrition among populations living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 surveys. Journal of the American Medical Association, 293, 1490-1494. Guerin, P.J., Brasher, C., Baron, E., Mic, D., Grimont, F., Ryan, M., Aavitsland, P., and Legros, D. (2003). Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 in West Africa: Intervention strategy for an outbreak in Sierra Leone. Lancet, 362, 705-706. Guthmann, J.P., Cetre, C., and Suzan, F. (1996). Field research, relief work and war: Does chloroquine-resistance occur in displaced populations of southern Sudan? Tropical Doctor, 26, 89-90.
OCR for page 44
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Haddock, G., and Pollok, A.J. (1992). Paediatric trauma in northern Iraq: The Kurdish refugee crisis. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 37, 221-224. Haelterman, E., Boelaert, M., Suetens, C., Blok, L., Henkens, M., and Toole, M.J. (1996). Impact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 1, 385-392. Hafeez,. A., Riaz, R., Shah, S.U., Pervaiz, J., Southall, D. (2004). Integrating health care for mothers and children in refugee camps and at district level. British Medical Journal, 328, 834-836. Hassan, K., Sullivan, K.M., Yip, R., and Woodruff, B.A. (1997). Factors associated with anemia in refugee children. Journal of Nutrition, 127, 2194-2198. Hatch, D.L., Waldman, R.J., Lungu, G.W., and Piri, C. (1994). Epidemic cholera during refugee resettlement in Malawi. International Journal of Epidemiology, 23, 1292-1299. Hehenkamp A. (2003). Tuberculosis treatment in complex emergencies: South Sudan. Lancet, 362, S30-S31. Heyman,. S.N., Ginosar, Y., Niel, L., Amir, J., Marx, N., Shapiro, M., and Maayan, S. (1998). Meningococcal meningitis among Rwandan refugees: Diagnosis, management, and outcome in a field hospital. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2, 137-142. Hodes, M. (1998). Refugee children may need a lot of psychiatric help. British Medical Journal, 316, 793-794. Husain, S.A., Nair, J., Holcomb, W., Reid, J.C., Vargas, V., and Nair, S.S. (1998). Stress reactions of children and adolescents in war and siege conditions. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1718-1719. Hynes, M., Sheik, M., Wilson, H.G., and Spiegel, P. (2002). Reproductive health indicators and outcomes among refugee and internally displaced persons in postemergency phase camps. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 595-603. Ibrahim, K.M., and Laaser, U. (2002). Resistance and refugees in Pakistan: Challenges ahead in tuberculosis control. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2, 270-272. International Committee of the Red Cross, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNICEF, World Vision International, and Save the Children. (2004). Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children. Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross. Inter-Agency Standing Committee. (2003). Guidelines for HIV/AIDS interventions in emergency settings. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available: http://www.who.int/hac/techguidance/pht/11818.pdf (accessed July 27, 2005). Iskit, S.H., Alpay, H., Tugtepe, H., Ozdemir, C., Ayyildiz, S.H., Ozel, K., Bayramicli, M., Tetik, C., and Dagli, T.E. (2001). Analysis of 33 pediatric trauma victims in the 1999 Marmara, Turkey earthquake. Journal of Pediatric Surgeons, 36, 368-372. Jamieson, D.J., Meikle, S.F., Hillis, S.D., Mtsuko, D., Mawji, S., and Deurr, A. (2000). An evaluation of poor pregnancy outcomes among Burundian refugees in Tanzania. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 397-402. Jandric, S. (2001). Injury severity and functional outcome following pediatric trauma in war conditions. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 4, 169-175. Jeffrey, S.J. (1996). Antipersonnel mines: Who are the victims? Journal of Accident Emergency Medicine, 13, 343-346.
OCR for page 45
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Jones, G., Steketee, R.W., Black, R.E., Bhutta, Z.A., Morris, S.S., and the Bellagio Child Survival Group. (2003). How many child deaths can we prevent this year? Lancet, 362, 65-71. Kaic, B., Borcic, B., Ljubicic, M., Brkic, I., and Mihaljevic, I. (2001). Hepatitis A control in a refugee camp by active immunization. Vaccine, 19, 3615-3619. Kakar, F., Bassani, F., Romer, C.J., and Gunn, S.W. (1996). The consequence of land mines on public health. Prehospital Disaster Medicine, 11, 2-10. Kamugisha, C., Cairns, K.L., Akim, C. (2003). An outbreak of measles in Tanzanian refugee camps. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 187(Suppl 1), S58-S62. Katona-Apte, J., and Mokdad, A. (1998). Malnutrition of children in the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea. Journal of Nutrition, 128, 1315-1319. Khan, M.U., and Munshi, M.H. (1983). Clinical illness and causes of death in a Burmese refugee camp in Bangladesh. International Journal of Epidemiology, 12, 460-464. Khawaja, M. (2004). The extraordinary decline of infant and childhood mortality among Palestinian refugees. Social Science Medicine, 58, 463-470. Kolaczinski, J., and Webster, J. (2003). Malaria control in complex emergencies: The example of East Timor. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 8, 48-55. Kuterovac, G., Dyregrov, A., and Stuvland, R. (1994). Children in war: A silent majority under stress. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 67, 363-375. Laureillard, D., Paquet, C., and Malvy, D. (1998). Ciprofloxacin in the treatment of dysentery caused by type 1 Shigella dysenteriae during an epidemic in Rwandan refugees in Goma in 1994. Santé, 8, 303-305. Lawn, J.E., Cousens, S., and Zupan, J. (2005). Four million neonatal deaths: When? Where? Why? Lancet, 365, 891-900. Lawn, J.E., McCarthy, B.J., and Ross, S. (2001). The healthy newborn: A reference manual for program managers. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CARE. Available: http://www.careusa.org/careswork/whatwedo/health/downloads/healthy_newborn_manual/introduction.pdf [accessed July 27, 2005]. Legros, D., Paquet, C., Perea, W., Marty, I., Kenya Mugisha, N., Royer, H., Neira, M., and Ivanoff, B. (1999). Mass vaccination with a two-dose oral cholera vaccine in a refugee camp. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 77, 837-842. Lengeler, C. (2005). Insecticide-treated bed nets and curtains for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, 2. Leyenaar, J. (2004). Human immunodeficiency virus and infant feeding in complex humanitarian emergencies: Priorities and policy considerations. Disasters, 28, 1-15. Lienhardt, C., Ghebray, R., and Candolfi, E. (1989). Does chloroquine resistance occur in refugee camps in eastern Sudan? Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83, 486-487. Lock, C.J., Southwick, K., McCloskey, L.A., and Fernandez-Esquer, M.E. (1996). The psychological and medical sequelae of war in Central American refugee mothers and children. Archives of Pediatric Adolescence Medicine, 150, 822-828. Machel, G. (2001). The impact of war on children. UNICEF. London: Hurst and Company. Malfait, P., Moren, A., Dillon, J.C., Brodel, A., Begkoyian, G., Etchegorry, M.G., Malenga, G., and Hakewill, P. (1993). An outbreak of pellagra related to changes in dietary niacin among Mozambican refugees in Malawi. International Journal of Epidemiology, 22, 504-511.
OCR for page 46
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Mandalakas, A., Torjesen, K., and Olness, K. (1999). Helping the children: A practical handbook for complex emergencies. Kenyon, MN: Health Frontiers. Distributed by the Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute, Skillman, NJ. Manjrekar, R.R., Partridge, S.K., Korman, A.K., Barwick, R.S., and Juranek, D.D. (2000). Efficacy of 1 percent permethrin for the treatment of head louse infestations among Kosovar refugees. Military Medicine, 165, 698-700. McCloskey, L.A., and Southwick, K. (1996). Psychosocial problems in refugee children exposed to war. Pediatrics, 97, 394-397. Mears, C., and Chowdhury, S. (2001). Health care for refugees and displaced people. Oxford, Eng.: Oxfam. Médecins sans Frontières. (1997). Refugee health: An approach to emergency situations. Paris: Author. Available: http://www.msf.org/source/refbooks/msf_docs/en/Refugee_Health/RH1.pdf [accessed August 24, 2005]. Médecins sans Frontières. (1999). Clinical guidelines: Diagnosis and treatment manual for curative programmes in hospitals and dispensaries, 4th ed. Paris: Author. Médecins sans Frontières. (2005). Clinical guidelines: Diagnosis and treatment manual for curative programmes in hospitals and dispensaries, 5th ed. Paris: Author.. Miles, S.H., and Maat, R.B. (1984). A successful supervised outpatient short-course tuberculosis treatment program in an open refugee camp on the Thai-Cambodian border. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 130, 827-830. Miller, K.E. (1996). The effects of state terrorism and exile on indigenous Guatemalan refugee children: A mental health assessment and an analysis of children’s narratives. Child Development, 67, 89-106. Montgomery, E. (1998). Refugee children from the Middle East. Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, 54(Suppl.), 1-152. Moore, P.S., Toole, M.J., Nieburg, P., Waldman, R.J., and Broome, C.V. (1990). Surveillance and control of meningococcal meningitis epidemics in refugee populations. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 68, 587-596. Moore, P.S., Marfin, A.A., Quenemoen, L.E., Gessner, B.D., Ayub, Y.S., Miller, D.S., Sullivan, K.M, and Toole, M.J. (1993). Mortality rates in displaced and resident populations of central Somalia during 1992 famine. Lancet, 341, 935-938. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (2004). Emergency measles control activities: Darfur, Sundan. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 5, 897-899. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1998). Cholera outbreak among Rwandan refugees: Democratic Republic of Congo, April 1997. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 47, 389-391. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1992). Famine-affected, refugee, and displaced populations: Recommendations for public health issues. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 41, (RR-12); 1-76. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1991). Health and nutritional status of Liberian refugee children: Guinea, 1990. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 40, 13-15. Moren, A., Stefanaggi, S., Antona, D., Bitar, D., Etchegorry, M.G., Tchatchioka, M., and Lungu, G. (1991). Practical field epidemiology to investigate a cholera outbreak in a Mozambican refugee camp Malawi, 1988. Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene, 94, 1-7.
OCR for page 47
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Murphy, H.H., Bari, A., Molla, A.M., Zaidi, A., and Hirschhorn, N. (1996). A field trial of wheat-based oral rehydration solution amoung Afghan refugee children. Acta Paediatrica, 85, 151-157. Murray, J., McFarland, D.A., and Waldman, R.J. (1998). Cost-effectiveness of oral cholera vaccine in a stable refugee population at risk for epidemic cholera and in a population with endemic cholera. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 76, 343-352. Nabeth, P., Vasset, B., Guerin, P., Doppler, B., and Tectonidis, M. (1997). Health situation of refugees in eastern Zaire. Lancet, 349, 1031-1032. Naficy, A., Rao, M.R., Paquet, C., Antona, D., Sorkin, A., and Clemens, J.D. (1998). Treatment and vaccination strategies to control cholera in sub-Saharan refugee settings: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279, 521-525. Nathan, N., Tatay, M., Piola, P., Lake, S., and Brown, V. (2004). High mortality in displaced populations of northern Uganda. Lancet, 363, 1402. National Research Council. (2003). Malaria control during mass population movements and natural disasters. Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration, Peter B. Bloland and Holly A. Williams. Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Program on Forced Migration and Health at the Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University, Washington, DC; The National Academies Press. Neiburg, P., Waldman, R.J., Leavell, R., Sommer, A., and DeMaeyer, E.M. (1988). Vitamin A supplementation for refugee and famine victims. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 66, 689-697. Nielsen, J., Valentiner-Branth, P., Martins, C., Cabral, F., and Aaby, P. (2004). Malnourished children and supplementary feeding during the war emergency in Guinea-Bissau in 1998-1999. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80, 1036-1042. Papageorgiou, V., Frangou-Garunovic, A., Iordanidou, R., Yule, W., Smith, P., and Vostanis, P. (2000). War trauma and psychopathology in Bosnian refugee children. European Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 84-90. Paquet, C., and van Soest, M. (1994). Mortality and malnutrition among Rwandan refugees in Zaire. Lancet, 344, 823-824. Pearn, J. (1996). Viewpoint: War zone paediatrics in Rwanda. Journal of Paediatric Child Health, 32, 290-295. Pearn, J. (2003). Children and war. Journal of Paediatric Child Health, 39, 166-172. Peltzer, K. (1999). Trauma and mental health problems of Sudanese refugees in Uganda. Central African Journal of Medicine, 45, 110-114. Petersen, H.D., and Wandall, J.H. (1995). Evidence of physical torture in a series of children. Forensic Science International, 75, 45-55. Peterson, E.A., Roberts, L., Toole, M.J., and Peterson, D.E. (1998). The effect of soap distribution on diarrhea: Nyamithuthu refugee camp. International Journal of Epidemiology, 27, 520-524. Plunkett, M.C.B., and Southall, D.P. (1998). War and children. Archives in Diseases in Children, 78, 72-77. Porignon, D., Katulanya, I., Elongo, L., Ntalemwa, N., Tongler, R., Dramaix, M., and Hennart, P. (2000). The unseen face of humanitarian crisis in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: Was nutritional relief properly targeted? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 54, 6-9.
OCR for page 48
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Porter, J.D., and Kessler, C. (1995). Tuberculosis in refugees: A neglected dimension of the global epidemic of tuberculosis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 89, 241-242. Porter, J.D., Gastellu-Etchegorry, M., Navarre, I., Lungu, G., and Moren, A. (1990). Measles outbreaks in the Mozambican refugee camps in Malawi: The continued need for an effective vaccine. International Journal of Epidemiology, 1072-1077. Reindorp, N., and Wiles, P. (2003). Humanitarian coordination: Lessons from recent field experience. London: Overseas Development Institute. Ressler, E.M., Boothby, N., and Steinbock, D.J. (1988). Unaccompanied children: Care and protection in wars, natural disasters, and refugee movements. New York: Oxford University Press. Rieder, H.L. (1985). Tuberculosis in an Indochinese refugee camp: Epidemiology, management, and therapeutic results. Tubercle, 66, 179-186. Roberts, L., Chartier, Y., Chartier, O., Malenga, G., Toole, M., and Rodka, H (2001). Keeping clean water clean in a Malawi refugee camp: A randomized intervention trial. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79, 280-287. Robertson, A., Fronczak, N., Jaganjae, N., Hailey, P., Copeland, P., and Durprat, M. (1995). Nutrition and immunization survey of Bosnian women and children during 1993. International Journal of Epidemiology, 24, 1163-1170. Robinson, D. (1998). Executive summary of mission report Tanzania. November 16-20. Rosenberg, J.A., and Givens, S.S. (1986). Teaching child healthcare concepts to Khmer mothers. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 3, 157-168. Rothe, E.M., Lewis, J., Castillo-Matos, H., Martinez, R., and Martinez, I. (2002). Posttraumatic stress disorder among Cuban children and adolescents after release from a refugee camp. Psychiatric Services, 53, 970-976. Rowland, M., Durrani, N., Hewitt, S., MoHammed, N., Bouma, M., Carneiro, I., Rozendaal, J., and Schapira, A. (1999a). Permethrin-treated chaddars and top-sheets: Appropriate technology for protection against malaria in Afghanistan and other complex emergencies. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 93, 465-472. Rowland, M., Munir, A., Durrani, N., Noyes, H., and Reyburn, H. (1999b). An outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in an Afghan refugee settlement in northwest Pakistan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 93, 13306. Rowland, M., and Nosten, F. (2001). Malaria epidemiology and control in refugee camps and complex emergencies . Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 95(8), 741-754. Rowland, M., Downey, G., Rab, A., Freeman, T., Mohammad, N., Rehman, H., Durrani, N., Reyburn, H., Curtis, C., Lines, J., and Fayaz, M. (2004). DEET mosquito repellent provides personal protection against malaria: A household randomized trial in an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 9, 335-342. Sack, D.A. (1998). Cholera vaccine in refugee settings. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280, 600-602. Sack, W., Him, C., and Dickason, D. (1999). Twelve-year follow-up study of Khmer youths who suffered massive war trauma as children. Journal of American Academy of Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1173-1179.
OCR for page 49
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Salama, P., Assefa, F., Talley, L., Spiegel, P., van der Veen, A., and Gotway, C.A. (2001). Malnutrition, measles, mortality, and the humanitarian response during a famine in Ethiopia. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 563-571. Salama, P., Spiegel, P., Talley, L., and Waldman, R. (2004). Lessons learned from complex emergencies over past decade. Lancet, 364, 1801-1813. Santaniello-Newton, A., and Hunter, P.R. (2000). Management of an outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in a Sudanese refugee camp in Northern Uganda. Epidemiology of Infections, 124, 75-81. Sapir, D.G. (1993). Natural and man-made disasters: The vulnerability of women-headed households and children without families. World Health Statistics Quarterly, 46, 227-233. Seaman, J., and Rivers, J.P. (1989). Scurvy and anaemia in refugees. Lancet, 1(8648), 1204. Shears, P., and Lusty, T. (1987). Communicable disease epidemiology following migration: Studies from the African famine. International Migration Review, 21, 783-795. Shears, P., Berry, A.M., Murphy, R., and Nabil, M.A. (1987). Epidemiological assessment of the health and nutrition of Ethiopian refugees in emergency camps in Sudan, 1985. British Medical Journal, 295, 314-318. Siddique, A.K., Salam, A., Islam, M.S., Akram, K., Majumdar, R.N., Zaman, K., Fronczak, N., and Laston, S. (1995). Why treatment centers failed to prevent cholera deaths among Rwandan refugees in Goma, Zaire. Lancet, 345, 359-361. Smith, P., Perrin, S., Yule, W., and Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2001). War exposure and maternal reactions in the psychological adjustment of children from Bosnia-Hercegovina. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 395-404. Smith, P., Perrin, S., Yule, W., Hacam, B., and Stuvland, R. (2002). War exposure among children from Bosnia-Hercegovina: Psychological adjustment in a community sample. Journal of Trauma Stress, 15, 147-156. Southall, D.P., and Carballo, M. (1996). Can children be protected from the effects of war? British Medical Journal, 313, 1493. Southhall, D.P., and Abassi, K. (1998). Protecting children from armed conflict. British Medical Journal, 316, 1549-1550. Spencer, S., Grant, A.D., Piola, P., Tukpo, K., Okia, M., Garcia, M., Salignon, P., Genevier, C., Kiguli, J., and Guthmann, J.P. (2004). Malaria in camps for internally-displaced persons in Uganda: Evaluation of an insecticide-treated bednet distribution programme. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 98, 719-727. Spiegel, P.B. (2004). HIV/AIDS among conflict-affected and displaced populations: Dispelling myths and taking action. Disasters, 28, 322-339. Spiegel, P.B., and Salama, P. (2000). War and mortality in Kosovo, 1998-99: An epidemiological testimony. Lancet, 355, 2204-2209. Spiegel, P., Sheik, M., Gotway-Crawford, C., and Salama, P. (2002). Health programmes and policies associated with decreased mortality in displaced people in postemergency phase camps: A retrospective study. Lancet, 360, 1927-1934. Spinaci, S., De Virgilio, G., Bugiani, M., Linari, D., Bertolaso, G., and Elo, O. (1989). Tuberculin survey among Afghan refugee children: Tuberculosis control programme among Afghan refugees in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) Pakistan. Tubercle, 70, 83-92.
OCR for page 50
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Stein, B., Comer, D., Gardner, W., and Kelleher, K. (1999). Prospective study of displaced children’s symptoms in wartime Bosnia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatry Epidemiology, 34, 464-469. Sukrakanchana-Trikham, P., Pucchal, X., Rigal, J., and Rieder, H.L. (1992). 10-year assessment of treatment outcome among Cambodian refugees with sputum smear-positive tuberculosis in Khao-I-Dang, Thailand. Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 73, 384-387. Summerfield, D. (1998). Children affected by war must not be stigmatized as permanently damaged. British Medical Journal, 317, 1249. Sutter, R.W., Haefliger, E. (1990). Tuberculosis morbidity and infection in Vietnamese in Southeast Asian refugee camps. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 141, 1483-1486. Swerdlow, D.L., Malenga, G., Begkoyian, G., Nyangulu, D., Toole, M., Waldman, R.J., Puhr, D.N., and Tauxe, R.V. (1997). Epidemic cholera among refugees in Malawi, Africa: treatment and transmission. Epidemiology and Infections, 118, 207-214. Talley, L., Spiegel, P.B., and Girgis, M. (2001). An investigation of increasing mortality among Congolese refugees in Lugufu Camp, Tanzania, May-June 1999. Journal of Refugee Studies, 14, 412-427. Terry, B.C., Kanjah, F., Sahr, F., and Kortequee, S. (2001). Sarcoptes scabiei infestation among children in a displacement camp in Sierra Leone. Public Health, 115, 208-211. Thabet, A.A.M., and Vostanis, P. (1998). Social adversities and anxiety disorders in the Gaza Strip. Archives in Diseases in Children, 78, 439-442. Thabet, A.A.M., Abed, Y., and Vostanis, P. (2004). Comorbidity of PTSD and depression among refugee children during war conflict. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 533-542. The Sphere Project. (2004, final edition). Humanitarian charter and minimum standards in disaster response. Geneva: Oxfam publishing. (www.thesphereproject.org). Tomashek,, K.M., Woodruff, B.A., Gotway, C.A., Bloland, P., and Mbaruku, G. (2001). Randomized intervention study comparing several regimens for the treatment of moderate anemia among refugee children in Kigoma Region, Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 64, 164-171. Toole, M.J. (1992). Micronutrient deficiencies in refugees. Lancet, 339, 1214-1216. Toole, M.J., and Waldman, R.J. (1988). An analysis of mortality trends among refugee populations in Somalia, Sudan, and Thailand. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 66, 237-247. Toole, M.J., and Waldman, R.J. (1990). Prevention of excess mortality in refugee and displaced populations in developing countries. Journal of the American Medical Association, 263, 3296-3302. Toole, M.J., and Waldman, R.J. (1993). Refugees and displaced persons: War, hunger, and public health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 270, 600-605. Toole, M.J., Waldman, R.J. (1997). The public health aspects of complex emergencies and refugee situation. Annual Review of Public Health, 18, 283-312. Toole, M.J., Galson, S., and Brady, W. (1993). Are war and public health compatible? Lancet, 341, 1193-1196. Toole, M.J., Steketee, R.W., Waldman, R.J., and Nieburg, P. (1989). Measles prevention and control in emergency settings. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 67, 381-388.
OCR for page 51
Child Health in Complex Emergencies United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (1998). How to guide. Reproductive health in refugee situations: Strengthening safe motherhood services. Report on a participatory approach to strengthening safe motherhood services in Kigoma and Ngara, Tanazania. Geneva: Author. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/UNPF. (1995). Reproductive health in refugee settings: An inter-agency field manual. Geneva: Author. UNICEF/United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Joint Task Force. (1994). Standards for protection and care of unaccompanied refugee children: Rwanda Refugee Operation, Goma (Zaire). New York: UNICEF. Valente, F., Otten, M., Balbina, F., et al. (2002). Massive outbreak of poliomyelitis caused by type-3 wild poliovirus in Angola in 1999. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78, 339-346. Waldman, R.J. (1998). Cholera vaccination in refugee settings. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279, 552-553. Weinstock, D.M., Hahn, O., Wittkamp, M., Sepkowitz, K.A., Khechinashvilli, G., and Blumberg, H.M. (2001). Risk for tuberculosis infection among internally displaced persons in the Republic of Georgia. International Journal of Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 5, 164-169. Weise Prinzo, Z., and de Benoist, B. (2002). Meeting the challenges of micronutrient deficiencies in emergency-affected populations. Proceedings of the Nutritional Society, 61, 251-257. Williamson, J., and Moser, A. (1988). Unaccompanied children in emergencies: A field guide for their care and protection. Geneva: International Social Service. Wolday, D., Kibreab, T., Bukenya, D., and Hodes, R. (1995). Sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum in vivo to chloroquine and pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine in Rwandan patients in a refugee camp in Zaire. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 89, 654-656. World Health Organization. (1999). Department of Reproductive Health and Research, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (1999). Reproductive Health in Refugee Settings: An Inter-Agency Field Manual. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. World Health Organization. (2000a). Management of the child with serious infection or severe malnutrition. Available: [accessed August 24, 2005" http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health/publications/referral_care/Referral_Care_en.pdf [accessed August 24, 2005]. World Health Organization. (2000b). Reproductive health during conflict and displacement: A guide for programme managers. Available: http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/RHR_00_13_RH_conflict_and_displacement/PDF_RHR_00_13/conflict_displacement.pdf [accessed August 24, 2005]. World Health Organization. (2003). Pertussis, Afghanistan. Weekly Epidemiological Record, 78, 1-2. World Health Organization and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (1997). Tuberculosis control in refugee situations: An inter-agency field manual. Available: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1997/WHO_TB_97.221.pdf [accessed July 27, 2005]. World Health Organization, UNICEF, LINKAGES, IBFAN, and ENN. (2001, November). Infant feeding in emergencies. Dublin: ENN Emergency Nutrition Network.
OCR for page 52
Child Health in Complex Emergencies Yip, R., and Sharp, T.W. (1993). Acute malnutrition and high childhood mortality related to diarrhea: Lessons from the 1991 Kurdish refugee crisis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 270, 587-590. Young, H., Borrel, A., Holland, D., and Salama, P. (2004). Public nutrition in complex emergencies. Lancet, 365, 1899-1909. Yule, W. (2000). From pogroms to ethnic cleansing: Meeting the needs of war affected children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 695-702.
Representative terms from entire chapter: