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Child Health in Complex Emergencies References Aaby, P., Gomes, J., et al. (1999). Nutritional status and mortality of refugee and resident children in a non-camp setting during conflict: Follow-up study in Guinea-Bissau. British Medical Journal, 319, 878-881. Ahmad, K. (2002). War and gerbils compound Afghan leishmaniasis epidemic. Lancet, Infectious Diseases, 2, 268. Albertyn, R., Bickler, S.W., van As, A.B., Millar, A.J.W., and Rode, H. (2003). The effects of war on children in Africa. Pediatric Surgeons International, 19, 227-232. Al Gasseer, N., Dresden, E., Keeney, G.B., and Warren, N. (2004). Status of women and infants in complex humanitarian emergencies. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 49(Suppl. 1), 7-13. Allwood, M.A., Bell-Dolan, D., and Husain, S.A. (2002). Children’s trauma and adjustment reactions to violent and nonviolent war experiences . Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 450-457. Ascherio, A., Chase, R., Cote, T., et al. (1992). Effect of the Gulf war on infant and child mortality in Iraq. New England Journal of Medicine, 327, 931-936. Barr, R.G., Menzies, R. (1994). The effect of war on tuberculosis: Results of a tuberculin survey among displaced persons in El Salvador and a review of the literature. Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 75, 251-259. Bartlett, L.A., Jamieson, D.J., Kahn, T., Sultana, M., Wilson, H.G., and Duerr, A. (2002). Maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan, 1999-2000. Lancet, 359, 643-649. Beck, D., Ganges, F., Goldman, S., and Long, P. (2004). Care of the newborn reference manual. Washington, DC: Save the Children Federation. Available: http://www.savethechildren.org/publications/snl/00%20-%20Care%20of%20the%20Newborn%20Reference%20Manual%20(3.6MB).pdf (Accessed September 27, 2005).

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Child Health in Complex Emergencies Depoortere, E., Guthmann, J., Presse, J., Sipilanyambe, N., Nkandu, E., Balkan, S., de Pecoulas, P.E., and Legros, D. (2005). Efficacy and effectiveness of the combination of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and a 3-day course of artesunate for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in a refugee settlement in Zambia. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 10, 139-145. Descenclos, J.C., Michel, D., Tholly, F., Magdi, I., Pecoul, B., and Desve, G. (1990). Mortality trends among refugees in Honduras, 1984-1987. International Journal of Epidemiology, 19, 367-373. Descenclos, J.C., Berry, A.M., Padt, R., Farah, B., Segala, C., and Nabil, A.M. (1989). Epidemiological patterns of scurvy among Ethiopian refugees. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 67, 309-316. Dowell, S.F., Toko, A., Sita, C., Piarroux, R., Duerr, A., and Woodruff, B.A. (1995). Health and nutrition in centers for unaccompanied refugee children. Experience from the 1994 Rwandan refugee crisis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 1802-1806. Duerr, A., Posner, S.F., and Gilbert, M. (2003). Evidence in support of foster care during acute refugee crises. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1904-1909. Dybdahl, R. (2001). Children and mothers in war: An outcome study of a psychosocial intervention program. Child Development, 72, 1214-1230. Dysentery Study Group. (2002). Multicenter, randomized, double blind clinical trial of short course versus standard course oral ciprofloxacin for Shigella dysenteriae type 1 dysentery in children. Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 21, 1136-1141. Evans, D.W. (2001). Malaria, malnutrition, and MSF. Medical Journal of Australia, 175, 575-576. Fazel, M., and Stein, A. (2002). The mental health of refugee children. Archives in Disease of Childhood, 87, 366-370. Gessner, B.D. (1994). Mortality rates, causes of death, and health status among displaced and resident populations of Kabul, Afganistan. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272, 382-385. Githui, W.A., Hawken, M.P., Juma, E.S., Godfrey-Faussett, P., Swai, O.B., Kubuga, D.K., Porter, J.D., Wilson, S.M., and Drobniewski, F.A. (2000). Surveillance of drug-resistant tuberculosis and molecular evaluation of transmission of resistant strains in refugee and non-refugee populations in North-Eastern Kenya. International Journal of Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 4, 947-955. Graham, K., MoHammad, N., Rehman, H., Nazari, A., Ahmad, M., Kamal, M., Skovmand, O., Guilet, P., Allan, R., Zaim, M., Yates, A., Lines, J., and Rowland, M. (2002). Insecticide-treated plastic tarpaulins for control of malaria vectors in refugee camps. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 16, 404-408. Grandesso, F., Sanderson, F., Kruijt, J., Koene, T., and Brown, V. (2004). Mortality and malnutrition among populations living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 surveys. Journal of the American Medical Association, 293, 1490-1494. Guerin, P.J., Brasher, C., Baron, E., Mic, D., Grimont, F., Ryan, M., Aavitsland, P., and Legros, D. (2003). Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 in West Africa: Intervention strategy for an outbreak in Sierra Leone. Lancet, 362, 705-706. Guthmann, J.P., Cetre, C., and Suzan, F. (1996). Field research, relief work and war: Does chloroquine-resistance occur in displaced populations of southern Sudan? Tropical Doctor, 26, 89-90.

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Child Health in Complex Emergencies Haddock, G., and Pollok, A.J. (1992). Paediatric trauma in northern Iraq: The Kurdish refugee crisis. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 37, 221-224. Haelterman, E., Boelaert, M., Suetens, C., Blok, L., Henkens, M., and Toole, M.J. (1996). Impact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 1, 385-392. Hafeez,. A., Riaz, R., Shah, S.U., Pervaiz, J., Southall, D. (2004). Integrating health care for mothers and children in refugee camps and at district level. British Medical Journal, 328, 834-836. Hassan, K., Sullivan, K.M., Yip, R., and Woodruff, B.A. (1997). Factors associated with anemia in refugee children. Journal of Nutrition, 127, 2194-2198. Hatch, D.L., Waldman, R.J., Lungu, G.W., and Piri, C. (1994). Epidemic cholera during refugee resettlement in Malawi. International Journal of Epidemiology, 23, 1292-1299. Hehenkamp A. (2003). Tuberculosis treatment in complex emergencies: South Sudan. Lancet, 362, S30-S31. Heyman,. S.N., Ginosar, Y., Niel, L., Amir, J., Marx, N., Shapiro, M., and Maayan, S. (1998). Meningococcal meningitis among Rwandan refugees: Diagnosis, management, and outcome in a field hospital. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2, 137-142. Hodes, M. (1998). Refugee children may need a lot of psychiatric help. British Medical Journal, 316, 793-794. Husain, S.A., Nair, J., Holcomb, W., Reid, J.C., Vargas, V., and Nair, S.S. (1998). Stress reactions of children and adolescents in war and siege conditions. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1718-1719. Hynes, M., Sheik, M., Wilson, H.G., and Spiegel, P. (2002). Reproductive health indicators and outcomes among refugee and internally displaced persons in postemergency phase camps. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 595-603. Ibrahim, K.M., and Laaser, U. (2002). Resistance and refugees in Pakistan: Challenges ahead in tuberculosis control. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2, 270-272. International Committee of the Red Cross, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNICEF, World Vision International, and Save the Children. (2004). Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children. Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross. Inter-Agency Standing Committee. (2003). Guidelines for HIV/AIDS interventions in emergency settings. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available: http://www.who.int/hac/techguidance/pht/11818.pdf (accessed July 27, 2005). Iskit, S.H., Alpay, H., Tugtepe, H., Ozdemir, C., Ayyildiz, S.H., Ozel, K., Bayramicli, M., Tetik, C., and Dagli, T.E. (2001). Analysis of 33 pediatric trauma victims in the 1999 Marmara, Turkey earthquake. Journal of Pediatric Surgeons, 36, 368-372. Jamieson, D.J., Meikle, S.F., Hillis, S.D., Mtsuko, D., Mawji, S., and Deurr, A. (2000). An evaluation of poor pregnancy outcomes among Burundian refugees in Tanzania. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 397-402. Jandric, S. (2001). Injury severity and functional outcome following pediatric trauma in war conditions. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 4, 169-175. Jeffrey, S.J. (1996). Antipersonnel mines: Who are the victims? Journal of Accident Emergency Medicine, 13, 343-346.

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