waste storage sites (Figure 1.1). The Yucca Mountain site also lacks good existing transportation access, especially rail access.

The NWPA establishes that the federal government is responsible for developing and operating the transportation and disposal programs, and the owners of spent fuel and high-level waste are financially responsible for covering transport and disposal costs (Table C.1). The NWPA vests authority with the Secretary of Energy for carrying out the federal government’s responsibilities and establishes the Nuclear Waste Fund to cover the costs of disposal.

TABLE C.1 Responsibilities Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act for Storage of Spent Fuel and High-Level Waste and Their Transport to a Federal Repository

 

Commercial Spent Fuel

DOE Spent Fuel and High-Level Wastea

Naval Spent Fuel

On-site storage

Spent fuel owners

DOE-EM

DOE-NR

Costs of transport and disposal at a federal repository

Spent fuel owners

DOE-EM

DOE-NR

Development of a federal repository

DOE-OCRWM

DOE-OCRWM

DOE-OCRWM

Transportation to a federal repository

DOE-OCRWM

DOE-OCRWM

DOE-NR

Package certification

USNRC

USNRC

DOE-NR, USNRCb

Advance shipping notifications of states and tribes required?

Yes

Yes

No

Emergency responder training

DOE supported

DOE supported

DOE supported

NOTE: DOE-EM = Office of Environmental Management; DOE-NR = Naval Reactors Program; DOE-OCRWM = Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management.

aIncludes research reactor spent fuel described in Chapter 4.

bDOE seeks USNRC concurrence on package certifications under a cost-reimbursable agreement.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement