Model 1: Base (no control variables)
Model 2: Base + male
Model 3: Base + traditional mother–father family
Model 4: Base + number of siblings = 1
Model 5: Base + family income = median ($32,209)
Model 6: Base + parent educational attainment = some college
Model 7: Base + student educational expectations = college
Model 8: Base + comprehensive math and reading test at base year (G8) = 51.66 (average)
Model 9: Base + grades at first follow-up (G10) = 2.81
Model 10: Base + parent–child academic discussions = 6.13 (average)
Model 11: Controlling for all variables
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6 Barriers to Educational Opportunities for Hispanics in the United States--Barbara Schneider, Sylvia Martinez, and Ann Owens ."
Hispanics and the Future of America . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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