teristics of an effective commercial shipper. Therefore, the committee recommends that research institutions, whether commercial or academic, designate a single individual to be responsible for ensuring the safe shipment and receipt of research animals. This individual would ensure appropriate registration and permitting, as well as the use of US Department of Agriculture-certified carriers, properly trained subcontractors, and appropriate transportation enclosures. It is expected that designation of a responsible individual will alleviate the burden on investigators of becoming familiar with the intricacies of federal regulations and resources such as commercial services, and will, most importantly, ensure the welfare of the animals involved.

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