academia, and state and federal government agencies (see Appendix B). Committee members also relied on information from published literature, technical reports (including previous NRC reports), and their own expertise.

In keeping with its charge, the committee did not review NSF program elements or other geotechnology research programs in the federal government. This report provides advice for NSF program managers, but it also contains advice for the geological and geotechnical engineering community as a whole, and for other interested parties, including Congress, federal and state agencies, industry, academia, and the general public.

The report recommends research directions, but as it is not a program review, it does not include specific budgetary recommendations. The report is organized as follows. Chapter 2 provides an update of the 1989 report on Geotechnology: Its Impacts on Economic Growth, the Environment, and National Security (NRC, 1989). The committee identifies the changes in societal issues that create new imperatives for geotechnology and discusses what has been done to address the research agenda outline in NRC (1989), what is new, what is different, and what still needs to be done. Chapter 3 develops the committee’s vision for geoengineering in more detail by examining the new tools, technologies, and scientific advances in other disciplines and what they mean for geoengineering research. Chapter 4 introduces a new direction for GES and provides some guidance on a possible new GES initiative. Chapter 5 presents institutional issues and suggests some implementation strategies for NSF, as well as educational and research institutions and industry. Chapter 6 summarizes the committee’s findings and recommendations.



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