on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering in the New Millennium: Opportunities for Research and Technological Innovation to conduct a study to provide advice on future research directions and opportunities in geological and geotechnical engineering, concentrating on techniques for characterizing, stabilizing, and monitoring the subsurface. The committee addressed the following in its statement of task:

  1. Updated the report Geotechnology: Its Impact on Economic Growth, the Environment, and National Security (NRC, 1989) by assessing major gaps in the current states of knowledge and practice in the field of geoengineering. Areas included, but were not limited to, research capabilities and needs, practice and fundamental problems facing it, culture, and workforce.

  2. Provided a vision for the field of geoengineering.

    • What societal needs can geoengineering help meet? Examples include infrastructure, homeland security, urban sprawl, traffic congestion, and environmental degradation.

    • What new directions would improve geoengineering in ways that will better help meet these needs?

  1. Explored ways for achieving this vision and recommended implementation strategies.

    • What new and emerging technologies are needed, including biotechnology, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), nanotechnology, cyber infrastructure, and others?

    • What workforce changes are needed?

    • What opportunities are there for interdisciplinary collaboration?

    • What barriers and constraints are there to achieving this vision?

This report provides a vision for the field of geotechnology. It looks at opportunities that should be seized now to address future needs. It



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