agencies to take precedence over the needs of the entire program.

Chapter 15 provides a very general overview of how the program will coordinate the efforts of the 13 agencies involved in the CCSP. The CCSP itself is responsible for interagency coordination at the program level, and interagency committees of program managers for each major research element are responsible for interagency coordination and implementation at the program element level. The Interagency Working Group on Climate Change and Technology is responsible for high-level funding and program decisions. This basic management structure is sound and should provide a useful general framework for coordination among agencies. The plan does not describe the specific responsibilities and authorities of contributing departments and agencies, such as which agencies will be responsible for implementing the work. This is of particular concern for new areas of research that have not been supported by the GCRP in the past, such as land use and cover and decision support, and for crosscutting research areas, such as ecosystems, water cycle, role of the ocean, human dimensions, and international activities. The draft plan does not make clear how agency responsibilities are defined or whether there is a central point of contact within the GCRP when interfaces to the international community, such as in observing global atmospheric and oceanic variability and change, are essential. The draft plan also does not describe a mechanism that could be used to foster the participation of mission-oriented agencies in the strategic planning process.

The draft strategic plan does not describe a mechanism for coordinating and integrating the activities supported by the GCRP with the needs of the CCRI. A more integrated strategic plan would reflect more consistency between the priorities of the GCRP and the short-term activities described in the CCRI parts of the plan. The program therefore must fill a major gap in the organizational structure to bring people together as needed to enable the transition of research results into operations and decision making. The draft plan also does not describe mechanisms to carry out and integrate research that are not central to the core missions of any participating agency, although it recognizes a need for such mechanisms.3

Specific Issues

The introductory section of Chapter 15 begins with a very brief description of the CCSP management structure. In general the descriptions do not adequately describe the roles, responsibilities, and relationships among the various organizational elements. The addition of an organizational chart would improve the chapter considerably.

The chapter does not clearly describe how the CCSP relates to the CCRI and the GCRP, or how the CCRI and the GCRP relate to each other.

The description of the Interagency Working Group on Climate Change Science and Technology does not identify the lead agency for this group.

The description of the Climate Change Science Program indicates that its membership consists of “representatives from all agencies that have a research mission in climate and global change,” but does not indicate the level of responsibility of its members. As noted in Chapter 3 the committee recommends broader participation in the CCSP by agencies that are likely to be users of knowledge generated by the research programs and/or that work directly with decision makers and can therefore help identify decision makers’ information needs.

The Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP) is mentioned in the plan, but its responsibilities, organization, and status relative to the CCSP are not described. In order for the CCSP and the CCTP to complement and enhance each other, the links of CCTP to CCSP need to be better identified (see discussion in Chapter 4 of Part I of this report).

The section of Chapter 15 on “CCSP Integration” states that “agreed-upon” criteria in certain areas will be used to determine the program’s priorities. The section does not list these criteria or describe who will be involved in developing these criteria.

The section of Chapter 15 on “CCSP Integration” correctly recognizes that there will need to be a process for addressing functions that are not within the scope of any of the existing participating agencies. The section does not provide an indication of how that process will be developed, when it will be developed, or who will develop it, however.


“One necessary approach for addressing such integrating activities is to develop a mechanism that allows functions that are not central to the core missions of the participating agencies, but that are highly relevant, to be fostered” (CCSP, 2002, p. 165).

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