environmental studies and Italian from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She has been a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration since 1996.

Ms. Katharine L. Jacobs is currently the special assistant for policy and planning for the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR). She was the director of the Tucson Active Management Area of the ADWR from 1988 through 2001. Ms. Jacobs earned her M.L.A. in environmental planning from the University of California, Berkeley. Her expertise is in groundwater management and developing practical, appropriate solutions to difficult public policy issues. She has worked in many capacities for ADWR since 1981, verifying groundwater rights, developing mandatory conservation and enforcement programs, writing statewide rules requiring the use of renewable water supplies in new subdivisions, and working within the Tucson community building consensus solutions to serious water policy conflicts. She has facilitated development of groundwater recharge facilities and regional recharge policy. She served on the NRC’s Committee on Assessing the Future Value of Ground Water, the Synthesis Team for the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, and has authored a number of publications on water management subjects.

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos is a senior research fellow at the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. Dr. Janetos earned his Ph.D. in biology from Princeton University. In 1999 he joined the World Resources Institute as senior vice president and chief of program. Previously he served as senior scientist for the Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program in NASA’s Office of Earth Science, and was program scientist for the Landsat 7 mission. He has many years of experience in managing scientific research programs on a variety of ecological and environmental topics, including air pollution effects on forests, climate change impacts, land-use change, ecosystem modeling, and the global carbon cycle. He was a cochair of the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, and was an author of the IPCC Special Report on Land-Use Change and Forestry and the Global Biodiversity Assessment. Dr. Janetos recently served on the NRC Committee on Review of Scientific Research Programs at the Smithsonian Institution.

Dr. Charles D. Kolstad is currently the 3M Visiting Professor of Environmental Economics in the Department of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Kolstad is also the Donald Bren Distinguished Professor of Environmental Economics and Policy at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he is jointly appointed in the Department of Economics and the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management. For the decade prior to joining UCSB in 1993 he was on the faculty of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He has been a visiting professor at MIT, Stanford, the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium) and the New Economic School (Moscow). He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University (1982), his M.A. from the University of Rochester and his B.S. from Bates College. His research interests have been in the area of regulation, particularly environmental regulation. Recently he has also done work on environmental valuation theory in the role of information in environmental decision making and regulation, and the role of uncertainty and learning in controlling the precursors of climate change. His past work in energy markets has focused on coal and electricity markets, including the effect of air pollution regulation on these markets. Dr. Kolstad has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Building a Long-Term Environmental Quality Research and Development Program in the U.S. Department of Energy and the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems.

Dr. Diana M. Liverman is director of the Center for Latin American Studies, professor of geography and regional development, and a member of the Executive Committee of the Institute for the Study of Planet Earth (ISPE) at the University of Arizona. Dr. Liverman’s research examines the social causes and consequences of environmental change, especially in Latin America. She is currently working on the impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture and water resources, and on the anthropogenic causes of changes in land use and land cover, both with a regional focus on Mexico. She also studies environmental policy relating to the U.S.-Mexico border, the functioning of transnational research institutions, such as the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, and she is associated with UA-ISPE’s Climate Assessment for the Southwest. Dr. Liverman received her Ph.D. from University of California, Los Angeles.

Dr. Jerry D. Mahlman is a senior research fellow at the national center for atmospheric research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. He was director of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Princeton, New Jersey for 16 years before his retirement in 2000. He was also a professor of atmospheric and oceanic sciences at Princeton University for 28 years. Much of Dr. Mahlman’s research career has been directed toward understanding the behavior of the stratosphere and troposphere. This has involved extensive mathematical modeling and diagnosis of the interactive chemical, radiative, dynamical, and transport aspects of the atmosphere, as well as their implications for climate and chemical change. Over the past decade he has occupied a central role in the interpretation of

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