APPENDIX A
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACIP

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

ADMET

Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

ART

Antiretroviral Therapy

ASM

American Society of Microbiology


BERD

Business Enterprise Research and Development

BIA

BioIndustry Association

BIO

Biotechnology Industry Organization

BIS

Bureau of Industry and Security

BWC

Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention


CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

cDNA

Complementary Deoxyribonucleic Acid

CFC

Chlorofluorocarbon

CoV

Coronavirus

CWC

Chemical Weapons Convention


DHS

Department of Homeland Security

DIA

Defense Intelligence Agency

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

DOD

Department of Defense

DPI

Dry Powder Inhaler

dsRNA

Double-stranded Ribonucleic Acid



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Globalization, Biosecurity, and The Future of the Life Sciences APPENDIX A Acronyms and Abbreviations ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ADMET Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ART Antiretroviral Therapy ASM American Society of Microbiology BERD Business Enterprise Research and Development BIA BioIndustry Association BIO Biotechnology Industry Organization BIS Bureau of Industry and Security BWC Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cDNA Complementary Deoxyribonucleic Acid CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CoV Coronavirus CWC Chemical Weapons Convention DHS Department of Homeland Security DIA Defense Intelligence Agency DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid DOD Department of Defense DPI Dry Powder Inhaler dsRNA Double-stranded Ribonucleic Acid

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Globalization, Biosecurity, and The Future of the Life Sciences EGFR Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor EPO European Patent Office FDA Food and Drug Administration GDP Gross Domestic Product GFP Green Fluorescent Protein GM Genetically Modified GMO Genetically Modified Organism HA Haemagglutinin HHS Department of Health and Human Services HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HPLC High-performance Liquid Chromatography HTS High-throughput Screening HUGO Human Genome Organization IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency ICGEB International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology ICT Information and Computer Technology INPI National Patent Office of Brazil ISAAA International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications MAMP Microbe-associated Molecular Pattern MDI Metered-dose Inhaler MEMS Microelectromechanical Systems miRNA Micro-ribonucleic Acid mRNA Messenger Ribonucleic Acid NA Neuraminidase NIH National Institutes of Health NASSCOM National Association of Software and Services Companies NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NPT Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NRC National Research Council NSABB National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity NSF National Science Foundation NSDD National Security Decision Directive NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group

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Globalization, Biosecurity, and The Future of the Life Sciences OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction PCT Patent Cooperation Treaty PDB Protein Data Bank pMDI Propellant Metered-dose Inhaler qPCR Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction REDI Regional Emerging Diseases Intervention Center, Singapore RISCS RNA-induced Silencing Complexes RNA Ribonucleic Acid RNAi Ribonucleic Acid Interference SAR Structure-Activity Relationships SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SARS-CoV SARS Coronavirus SCF Supercritical Fluid SCNT Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer SIPI State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China siRNA Small Interfering Ribonucleic Acid SNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms TLR Toll-like Receptor UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USPTO U.S. Patent and Trademark Office VEGF Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction WTO World Trade Organization

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