Winterer, G., and D. Goldman. 2003. Genetics of human prefrontal function. Brain Res. Rev. 43(1):134-163.

Wolff, W.A., and E.G. Kerr. 1938. The composition of human bone in chronic fluoride poisoning. Am. J. Med. Sci. 195:493-497.

Wollan, M. 1968. Controlling the potential hazards of government-sponsored technology. George Wash. Law Rev. 36(5):1105-1137.

Wolstenholme, J., and R.R. Angell. 2000. Maternal age and trisomy—A unifying mechanism of formation. Chromosoma 109(7):435-438.

Wondwossen , F., A.N. Astrom, K. Bjorvatn, and A. Bardsen. 2004. The relationship between dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with moderate- and high-fluoride drinking water in Ethiopia. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol. 32(5):337-344.

Wong, F.S., and G.B. Winter. 2002. Effectiveness of microabrasion technique for improvement of dental aesthetics. Br. Dent. J. 193(3):155-158.

Wong, M.H., K.F. Fung, and H.P. Carr. 2003. Aluminum and fluoride content in tea, with emphasis on brick tea, and their health implications. Toxicol. Lett. 137(1-2):111-120.

Woolf, A.D., and K. Åkesson. 2003. Preventing fractures in elderly people. Br. Med. J. 327(7406):89-95.

Wu, D.Q., and Y. Wu. 1995. Micronucleus and sister chromatid exchange frequency in endemic fluorosis. Fluoride 28(3):125-127.

Wu, T., P. Mendola, and G.M. Buck. 2002. Ethnic differences in the presence of secondary sex characteristics and menarche among US girls: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Pediatrics 110(4):752-757.

Xiang, Q., Y. Liang, L. Chen, C. Wang, B. Chen, X. Chen, and M. Zhou. 2003a. Effect of fluoride in drinking water on children’s intelligence. Fluoride 36(2):84-94.

Xiang, Q., Y. Liang, M. Zhou, and H. Zang. 2003b. Blood lead of children in Wamiao-Xinhuai intelligence study [letter]. Fluoride 36(3):198-199.

Yamamoto, S., K. Katagiri, M. Ando, and X.Q. Chen. 2001. Suppression of pulmonary antibacterial defenses mechanisms and lung damage in mice exposed to fluoride aerosol. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A 62(6):485-494.

Yang, C.Y., M.F. Cheng, S.S. Tsai, and C.F. Hung. 2000. Fluoride in drinking water and cancer mortality in Taiwan. Environ. Res. 82(3):189-193.

Yang, Q., S.L. Sherman, T.J. Hassold, K. Allran, L. Taft, D. Pettay, M.J. Khoury, J.D. Erickson, and S.B. Freeman. 1999. Risk factors for trisomy 21: Maternal cigarette smoking and oral contraceptive use in a population-based case-control study. Genet. Med. 1(3):80-88.

Yang, Y., X. Wang, and X. Guo. 1994. Effects of high iodine and high fluorine on children’s intelligence and the metabolism of iodine and fluorine [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 15(5):296-298.

Yatani, A., and A.M. Brown. 1991. Mechanism of fluoride activation of G protein-gated muscarinic atrial K+ channels. J. Biol. Chem. 266(34):22872-22877.

Yates, C., S. Doty, and R.V. Talmage. 1964. Effects of sodium fluoride on calcium homeostasis. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 115(Apr.):1103-1108.

Yiamouyiannis, J.A. 1993. Fluoridation and cancer: The biology and epidemiology of bone and oral cancer related to fluoridation. Fluoride 26(2):83-96.

Yoder, K.M., L. Mabelya, V.A. Robison, A.J. Dunipace, E.J. Brizendine, and G.K. Stookey. 1998. Severe dental fluorosis in a Tanzanian population consuming water with negligible fluoride concentration. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol. 26(6):382-393.

Yokel, R.A., S.S. Rhineheimer, R.D. Brauer, P. Sharma, D. Elmore, and P.J. McNamara. 2001. Aluminum bioavailability from drinking water is very low and is not appreciably influenced by stomach contents or water hardness. Toxicology 161(1-2):93-101.

Yuan, S., K. Song, Q. Xie, and F. Lu. 1994. Experimental study of inhibition of lactation due to fluorosis in rat. Environ. Sci. 2(4):179-187.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement