If there are decisions within USAID to move forward in the S&T arena on a significant scale, the implementation of programs that are developed will require tenacity and determination by the S&T proponents over a period of years. Indeed, sustaining the effort for the indefinite future should there be a decline in the foreign assistance budget will be a difficult task. But the development payoff from better access to S&T achievements by populations of developing countries and the rewards for the security of the United States from new international partnerships in critical technological areas are potentially very great. Therefore, even though the outcome a decade into the future from this proposed S&T initiative cannot be predicted with certainty, the stakes are so great that a decision by the USAID Administrator to provide significant resources for S&T-related activities at this time is fully warranted.

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