Global research themes were identified and organized by development-oriented criteria, resulting in four broad categories:

  • Macro policies that enable growth to take place;

  • Technologies that provide new growth opportunities;

  • Policies, institutions, and technologies that sustain the natural resource base;

  • Policies and institutions that enable economic growth and natural resources management to be pro-poor. Efforts are needed in all of these four areas to achieve sustainable results.

These broad areas were then addressed differently within regions, and it was only within the regional context that prioritization of narrower research objectives was generally presented, as follows:

  • In Asia, water use and on-farm water management, income diversification through high-value commodities, productivity of staple foods in less-favored areas, and natural resources management were most frequently addressed.

  • In Latin America and the Caribbean, access to markets by the poor, land and property rights and access to rural finance, and natural resources management were key topics.

  • In Central and West Asia and North Africa, water use and on-farm water management, crop improvements both for staple commodities and high value crops, income diversification, and access to infrastructure and services, as well as natural resources management were emphasized.

  • In Sub-Saharan Africa, greater priority was placed on markets (including access for the poor and links to regional and international markets), water and soil technologies and practices, and crop and animal systems technologies.

The main research areas that emerged as recommended opportunities are:

  • Human and institutional capacity-building

  • Policies and institutions that help to create pro-growth environments

  • Resource access and broadened participation

  • New tools (including biotechnology) for genetic enhancement to solve the most difficult plant and animal problems of biotic and abiotic stress and of food quality

  • Soil and water use and management

  • Staple food crops and livestock in less-favored areas, supported by effective soil and water use and on-farm management of these resources, together with market development.

  • Income diversification through High-Valued Commodities (HVC) to in-

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