flaws. He laid a portion of attacks on businesses to pranks, often perpetrated by teenagers, involving the misuse of IT tools that have been made available on the Net by their creators. He likened this activity to a practical joke he and his colleagues at a past employer would indulge in: interrupting each other’s work by sending a long packet nicknamed the “Ping of Death” that caused a co-worker’s screen to come up blue.30

The Microsoft OS Source Code Release

The panelists were asked, in view of the release some 10 days before of the Microsoft OS source code, what had been learned about: (a) “security practices in the monoculture”; (b) how this operating system is different from the code of open-source operating systems; and (c) whether Microsoft’s product meets the Carnegie Mellon standards on process and metrics.

Saying that he had already seen reports of an exploit based on what had been released, Mr. Walker cautioned that the Microsoft code that had been made public had come through “somebody else.” It might not, therefore, have come entirely from Microsoft, and it was not possible to know the levels at which it might have been tampered with. According to some comments, the code is laced with profanity and not necessarily clear; on the other hand, many who might be in a position to “help the greater world by looking at it” were not looking at it for fear of the copyright issues that might arise if they did look at it and ever worked on something related to Windows in the future.31

Dr. Lam said that she had heard that some who had seen the code said it was very poorly written, but she added that the Software Engineering Institute processes do not help all that much in establishing the quality of code; there are testing procedures in place, but the problem is very difficult.

Going back to a previous subject, she asserted that there are “very big limitations” as to what can be built using open-source methodologies. A great deal of open-source software now available—including Netscape, Mozilla, and Open Office—was originally built as proprietary software. Open source can be as much an economic as a technical solution, and it is Microsoft’s monopoly that has caused sources to be opened.


According to some industry experts, most attacks are now criminally motivated, and that the criminal organizations have substantial expertise. They note that the old “curiosity-driven hacker” or “macho hacker” has given way to criminals involved with phishing, bot-nets, data theft, and extortion.


Trade secret laws are an additional concern.

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