to ensure safe management and disposal practices. Moving toward risk-informed practices in the United States could have the net effect of increasing stakeholder support in all countries.

CONCLUSION

The committee concluded that, while challenging, it is possible to move in incremental steps to a more risk-informed system for controlling management and disposition of radioactive materials. In contrast with the patchwork evolution of the past 60 years, stepwise implementation would move in a consistent direction: away from regulating LAW according to how or when it was generated and toward regulation based on the actual hazard and potential risk of the material. Risk-informed practices are good business practices. By working with regulators, public authorities, and local citizens to implement risk-informed practices, industry can increase the cost-effectiveness of its LAW disposals and increase its options for such disposals; and by moving away from the ad hoc nature of the current origin-based system, industry can increase the predictability of its disposal options. Through open and objective dialogue, risk as perceived by generators, regulators, concerned citizens, and elected officials can provide a common basis—a common currency—leading to better cooperation, agreement, and progress.



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