thrax attacks in 2001 is useful in illustrating both the positive and the negative aspects of crisis management and effective communication to the public in an ambiguous environment.

Mitigating the Consequences of the Misuse Scenario

The misuse scenario reaches a catastrophic level of impact only through social amplification. Therefore, consequences are best mitigated through effective communication and emergency response.

Possible Science and Technology Investment
  • Increase the speed and accuracy of the population protection process: detect, classify, notify, warn, and respond.

  • Improve response and communication. This includes social science research to determine the types of information, best communication channels, and most effective delivery of information required to reach all populations affected by such an event.



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