appoint a Direct Reporting Program Manager for the two systems. Similar conflict among the Navy, Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps led the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD[AT&L]) to direct that the Services cooperate in developing the Distributed Common Ground Station, discussed below.

Distributed Common Ground Station

The Distributed Common Ground Station (DCGS) is the cooperative effort of the Services and agencies for tasking, processing, exploitation, and dissemination (TPED) of information from collection platforms. The DCGS will greatly enhance future U.S. strike operations. It combines command-and-control systems, ground stations for UAVs and manned aircraft, IMINT and SIGINT dissemination and processing capabilities, and targeting systems into an architecture that can be scaled up to support major commands and scaled down for installation on tactical platforms. To ensure interoperability, the U.S. Air Force (USAF) is developing a DCGS Integrated Backbone (architecture, standards, tools, and documentation) that it will provide to the other Services as they develop their variants.

The DCGS creates a shared-information environment by incorporating all sensors and ground stations on a common network. It will greatly improve the flow of timely intelligence, enhancing the joint and combined warfighters’ capabilities as well as providing common exploitation, information management, and tools for network management and security. The Navy’s concept of operations for its DCGS variant is shown in Figure 7.1. Three tiers are planned, to provide scaled, distributed capabilities.

The DCGS-N will be fielded in a spiral development that will ultimately integrate a large number of legacy and new capabilities into one system. There will be interdependencies with Global Command and Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M) (discussed in Chapter 4). Figure 7.2 portrays top-level plans for the integration of various legacy and new capabilities into DCGS-N. The column of capabilities to the right in this figure represents the DCGS Integrated Backbone to be provided by the USAF. Note the incorporation of JSIPS-N and TES-N capabilities and the unified UAV service. DCGS-N is the logical host for new concepts for tasking, processing, and exploitation, such as those discussed in Section 7.5.

7.3 ISR SHORTFALLS WITH CURRENT AND PLANNED SYSTEMS

This section points out shortfalls that the committee sees with current and planned Navy ISR systems. The major shortfalls for Sea Shield in Major Combat Operations (Table 7.2) center on undersea warfare, but there are significant limitations in other Sea Shield missions as well. For Sea Strike in Major Combat



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