Lee W. Cooper is a Research Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee. He received his Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in 1987 following undergraduate and graduate work at the University of California, Santa Cruz and the University of Washington. His research interests include biogeochemical cycling in high-latitude ecosystems through the use of isotopic and elemental tracers. He has extensive polar shipboard research experience on all three current U.S. Coast Guard icebreakers, including chief scientist coordinating multidisciplinary research programs in 1993, 2002, and 2004. He is also lead principal investigator for the Bering Strait Environmental Observatory, which involves local subsistence hunters in collection of samples and pilot-scale continuous seawater pumping operations in Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island. Dr. Cooper is chair of an international Russian-U.S. research science steering committee facilitating collaborative bi-national research in the Russian Arctic and he also participates as the U.S. delegate in an International Arctic Science Committee working group that exchanges information with other arctic countries on multinational research efforts in the Russian Arctic. Among his other recent activities was the lead role in editing the Land-Shelf Interactions science plan that provided guidance to the NSF on key coastal research priorities in the Arctic.

Margo Edwards is a Senior Research Scientist at the University of Hawaii and Director of the Hawaii Mapping Research Group. She received her Ph.D. in Marine Geology and Geophysics from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University in 1992. Dr. Edwards’ specializes in using acoustic and optical systems to map and image the seafloor throughout the world’s oceans, focusing primarily on mid-ocean ridge systems and the Arctic Basin. Her research covers a broad spectrum of topics ranging from modeling the mechanics of volcanic eruptions in the deep ocean to unraveling paleoclimatic histories recorded in sediments of the Arctic Ocean. She has participated in dozens of oceanographic expeditions, and as chief scientist of the 1999 Science Ice Exercises became the first woman to sail onboard a U.S. Navy nuclear-powered submarine during an operation. Dr. Edwards presently serves as chair of the Arctic Ice-breaker Coordinating Committee of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System.

Shari Gearheard is a Research Associate at the University of McGill and University of Western Ontario, Canada. Previously, she was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow hosted by Harvard University in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Postdoctoral Program in Climate and Global Change. For over a decade, Dr. Gearheard has worked with Inuit communities in Nunavut, Canada, on a variety of environmental issues and research topics—in particular, Inuit knowledge of climate and environmental change. Dr. Gearheard (nee Fox) was co-lead author of Chapter 3 (“The Changing Arctic: Indigenous Perspectives”) of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment and was part of the Coastal Working Group for ICARP II. Dr. Gearheard received her MES in Environmental Studies from the University of Waterloo, Canada and her Ph.D. from the Department of Geography/Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Molly McCammon is the Executive Director of the Alaska Ocean Observing System—the Alaska component of the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System—as well as the co-chair of the National Federation of Regional Associations for Ocean Observing. Ms. McCammon received her B.A. in Journalism from the University of California at Berkeley. She has more than 25 years of experience in Alaska natural resource management and policy development. Her past experience includes a decade as the Executive Director for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, administering the restoration fund established as a result of a court settlement between the U.S. government and the state of Alaska and Exxon Corporation following the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. During her tenure at the Trustee Council, she helped establish the Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring Program—a permanently endowed, long-term ecological monitoring program for the northern Gulf of Alaska.

Jamie Morison is a research professor at the University of Washington. His main research focus is the study of environmental change in the Arctic. He heads the project office for the multi-government agencies’ Study of Environmental Arctic Change program. In addition, he has spent the last three springs in the vicinity of the North Pole directing hydrographic analysis of ocean conditions for the North Pole Environmental Observatory program. Another aspect of his research has used AUVs to study turbulent vertical velocity and fluxes of heat and salt in the Arctic Ocean. He also served as University of Washington Representative to the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS), 1995-97; member ASA/NSF Antarctic Research Vessel Oversight Committee, 1995-98; member ARCUS Logistics Working Group, 1997-98; member NSF-Office of Polar Program Advisory Committee, 1997-99; member Polar Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences, 1997-2000.

Scott E. Palo is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research at the University of Colorado. He specializes in upper atmosphere research and he has significant hardware, data analysis, and data systems experience. The central overarching thrust of his research is to understand how both free and forced planetary-scale disturbances are generated in the Earth’s atmosphere and how they effect the dynamics, thermal structure and composition of the

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