References

ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment). 2004. Impacts of a Warming Arctic, Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment. Cambridge University Press.

ACIA Scientific Report. 2005. Cambridge University Press.

AHDR (Arctic Human Development Report). 2004. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute.

AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme). 1998. Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues. Oslo, Norway: AMAP Secretariat.

AMAP. 2004. Persistent Toxic Substances, Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North. Final report. Oslo, Norway: AMAP Secretariat. 192 pp.

ARCUS (Arctic Research Consortium of the United States). 2004. Guidelines for Improved Cooperation Between Arctic Researchers and Northern Communities. Fairbanks: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States. Available at: http://www.arcus.org/guidelines/index.html.

Arendt, A.A., K.A. Echelmeyer, W.D. Harrison, C.S. Lingle, and V.B. Valentine. 2002. Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science 297:382-386.


Billings, W.D., J.O. Luken, D.A. Mortensen, and K.M. Peterson. 1982. Arctic tundra: A source or sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide in a changing environment? Oecologia 53:7-11.

Brown, J., K.M. Hinkel, and F.E. Nelson. 2000. The Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) program: Research designs and initial results. Polar Geography 24:165-258.

Burnside, R. 2005. Forest Health Update—A Decade of Beetle Activity in Alaska. Available at: http://www.borough.kenai.ak.us/sprucebeetle/New/Burnside.htm. Accessed on January 20, 2006.


Camill, P. 2005. Permafrost thaw accelerates in boreal peatlands during late-20th century climate warming. Climatic Change 68:135-152.

Carter, T. 1998. Changes in the thermal growing season in Nordic countries during the past century and prospects for the future. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 7:161-179.

CAVM (Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map) Team. 2003. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (Scale 1:7,500,000). Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Map No. 1. Anchorage, Alaska: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

CCSDS (Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems). 2002. Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) CCDSD 650.0-B-1. Blue Book. Issue 1. Washington, D.C.: CCSDS Secretariat. [Equivalent to ISO 14721:2002].

Center for Arctic Cultural Research. 1989. Nordic Statement of Principles and Priorities in Arctic Research. Umea, Sweden.

Chapin, F.S., III. 2005. Oral communication to the committee, February, 2005. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/pdfs/chapin.pdf.

Chapin, F.S., III, M. Sturm, M.C. Serreze, J.P. McFadden, J.R. Key, A.H. Lloyd, A.D. McGuire, T.S. Rupp, A.H. Lynch, J.P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W.L. Chapman, H.E. Epstein, E.S. Euskirchen, L.D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C.L. Ping, K.D. Tape, C.D.C. Thompson, D.A. Walker, and J.M. Welker. 2005. Role of land-surface changes in arctic summer warming. Science 310:657-660. doi: 10.1126/science.1117368.

Coakley, B.J., D. Chayes, A. Proshutinsky, and T. Weingartner. 2005. Objectives for a cabled observatory in Alaska’s Beaufort Sea. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 86:177-182.

Cogley, J.G., and W.P. Adams. 2000. Remote-sensing resources for monitoring glacier fluctuations on Axel Heiberg Island. Arctic 53:248-259.

Comiso, J.C. 2003. Warming trends in the Arctic from clear sky satellite observations. Journal of Climate 16:3498-3510.

Cooper, L.W., ed. 2003. Land-Shelf Interactions: A Scientific Initiative in the Arctic Near-shore. RAISE/LSI Project Management Office, University of Tennessee. Available at: http://arctic.bio.utk.edu/screen_LSI_science_plan.pdf.

Couclelis, H. 2003. The Certainty of Uncertainty: GIS and the Limits of Geographic Knowledge. Transactions in GIS 7(2):165-175. Available at: http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=H9HG6FM37MRBFQXB2YAC.


Derocher, A.E., N.J. Lunn, and I. Stirling. 2004. Polar bears in a warming climate. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:163-176.

Déry, S.J., and E.J. Wood. 2005. Decreasing river discharge in northern Canada. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L10401, doi:10.1029/2005.

Dyurgerov, M.B. 2002. Glacier Mass Balance and Regime: Data of Measurements and Analysis. Occasional Paper #55. 268 pp. Available at: http://instaar.colorado.edu/other/occ_papers.html.

Dyurgerov, M.B., and C.L. Carter. 2004. Observational evidence of increases in freshwater inflow to the Arctic Ocean. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 36:117-122.


Eamer, J. 2005. Testimony to committee. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/meeting3.shtml.


Fagan, J.D. 1995. Sampling Designs for the Measurement of Active-Layer Thickness. M.S. thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick. 118 pp.

FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee). 1998. Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata. Washington, D.C.: FGDC.

Fox, S. 2002. These Are Things That Are Really Happening: Inuit Perspectives on the Evidence and Impacts of Climate Change in Nunavut. Pp. 12-53 in The Earth Is Faster Now: Indigenous Observations of Arctic Environmental Change. I. Krupnik and D. Jolly, eds. Fairbanks, Alaska: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States.

Frey, K.E., and L.C. Smith. 2005. Amplified carbon release from vast West Siberian peatlands by 2100. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L09401, doi:10.1029/2004GL022025.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 99
Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network References ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment). 2004. Impacts of a Warming Arctic, Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment. Cambridge University Press. ACIA Scientific Report. 2005. Cambridge University Press. AHDR (Arctic Human Development Report). 2004. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute. AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme). 1998. Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues. Oslo, Norway: AMAP Secretariat. AMAP. 2004. Persistent Toxic Substances, Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North. Final report. Oslo, Norway: AMAP Secretariat. 192 pp. ARCUS (Arctic Research Consortium of the United States). 2004. Guidelines for Improved Cooperation Between Arctic Researchers and Northern Communities. Fairbanks: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States. Available at: http://www.arcus.org/guidelines/index.html. Arendt, A.A., K.A. Echelmeyer, W.D. Harrison, C.S. Lingle, and V.B. Valentine. 2002. Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science 297:382-386. Billings, W.D., J.O. Luken, D.A. Mortensen, and K.M. Peterson. 1982. Arctic tundra: A source or sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide in a changing environment? Oecologia 53:7-11. Brown, J., K.M. Hinkel, and F.E. Nelson. 2000. The Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) program: Research designs and initial results. Polar Geography 24:165-258. Burnside, R. 2005. Forest Health Update—A Decade of Beetle Activity in Alaska. Available at: http://www.borough.kenai.ak.us/sprucebeetle/New/Burnside.htm. Accessed on January 20, 2006. Camill, P. 2005. Permafrost thaw accelerates in boreal peatlands during late-20th century climate warming. Climatic Change 68:135-152. Carter, T. 1998. Changes in the thermal growing season in Nordic countries during the past century and prospects for the future. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 7:161-179. CAVM (Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map) Team. 2003. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (Scale 1:7,500,000). Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Map No. 1. Anchorage, Alaska: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. CCSDS (Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems). 2002. Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) CCDSD 650.0-B-1. Blue Book. Issue 1. Washington, D.C.: CCSDS Secretariat. [Equivalent to ISO 14721:2002]. Center for Arctic Cultural Research. 1989. Nordic Statement of Principles and Priorities in Arctic Research. Umea, Sweden. Chapin, F.S., III. 2005. Oral communication to the committee, February, 2005. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/pdfs/chapin.pdf. Chapin, F.S., III, M. Sturm, M.C. Serreze, J.P. McFadden, J.R. Key, A.H. Lloyd, A.D. McGuire, T.S. Rupp, A.H. Lynch, J.P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W.L. Chapman, H.E. Epstein, E.S. Euskirchen, L.D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C.L. Ping, K.D. Tape, C.D.C. Thompson, D.A. Walker, and J.M. Welker. 2005. Role of land-surface changes in arctic summer warming. Science 310:657-660. doi: 10.1126/science.1117368. Coakley, B.J., D. Chayes, A. Proshutinsky, and T. Weingartner. 2005. Objectives for a cabled observatory in Alaska’s Beaufort Sea. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 86:177-182. Cogley, J.G., and W.P. Adams. 2000. Remote-sensing resources for monitoring glacier fluctuations on Axel Heiberg Island. Arctic 53:248-259. Comiso, J.C. 2003. Warming trends in the Arctic from clear sky satellite observations. Journal of Climate 16:3498-3510. Cooper, L.W., ed. 2003. Land-Shelf Interactions: A Scientific Initiative in the Arctic Near-shore. RAISE/LSI Project Management Office, University of Tennessee. Available at: http://arctic.bio.utk.edu/screen_LSI_science_plan.pdf. Couclelis, H. 2003. The Certainty of Uncertainty: GIS and the Limits of Geographic Knowledge. Transactions in GIS 7(2):165-175. Available at: http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=H9HG6FM37MRBFQXB2YAC. Derocher, A.E., N.J. Lunn, and I. Stirling. 2004. Polar bears in a warming climate. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:163-176. Déry, S.J., and E.J. Wood. 2005. Decreasing river discharge in northern Canada. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L10401, doi:10.1029/2005. Dyurgerov, M.B. 2002. Glacier Mass Balance and Regime: Data of Measurements and Analysis. Occasional Paper #55. 268 pp. Available at: http://instaar.colorado.edu/other/occ_papers.html. Dyurgerov, M.B., and C.L. Carter. 2004. Observational evidence of increases in freshwater inflow to the Arctic Ocean. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 36:117-122. Eamer, J. 2005. Testimony to committee. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/meeting3.shtml. Fagan, J.D. 1995. Sampling Designs for the Measurement of Active-Layer Thickness. M.S. thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick. 118 pp. FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee). 1998. Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata. Washington, D.C.: FGDC. Fox, S. 2002. These Are Things That Are Really Happening: Inuit Perspectives on the Evidence and Impacts of Climate Change in Nunavut. Pp. 12-53 in The Earth Is Faster Now: Indigenous Observations of Arctic Environmental Change. I. Krupnik and D. Jolly, eds. Fairbanks, Alaska: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States. Frey, K.E., and L.C. Smith. 2005. Amplified carbon release from vast West Siberian peatlands by 2100. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L09401, doi:10.1029/2004GL022025.

OCR for page 99
Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems). 2005. 10-year implementation plan reference document. Available at: http://earthobservations.org/docs/. Gomersall, C., and K.M. Hinkel. 2001. Estimating the variability of active layer thaw depth in two physiographic regions of northern Alaska. Geographical Analysis 33:141-155. Gray, J., D.T. Liu, M.A. Nieto-Santisteban, A.S. Szalay, G. Heber, and D. DeWitt. 2005. Scientific Data Management in the Coming Decade. Microsoft Research Technical Report (MSR-TR-2005-10). Available at: http://research.microsoft.com/research/pubs/view.aspx?tr_id=860. Grenier, L. 1998. Working with Indigenous Knowledge: A Guide for Researchers. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre. Grünzweig, J.M., S.D. Sparrow, D. Yakir, and F.S. Chapin III. 2004. The impact of agricultural land-use change on carbon storage in boreal forests. Global Change Biology 10, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00738.x, 454. Hankin, S., and the DMAC Steering Committee. 2005. Data Management and Communications Plan for Research and Operational Integrated Ocean Observing Systems: I. Interoperable Data Discovery, Access, and Archive. Arlington, Virginia: Ocean.US. 304 pp. Available at: http://dmac.ocean.us/dacsc/imp_plan.jsp. HARC (Human Dimensions of the Arctic System). 2005. Designing the Human Dimension into an Arctic Observing Network. Brochure produced by the HARC Science Steering Committee for AON. 2 pp. Holloway, G., and T. Sou. 2002. Has arctic sea ice rapidly thinned? Journal of Climate 15:1691-1701. Holmes, R.M., B.J. Peterson, V.V. Govdeev, A.V. Zhulidov, M. Meybeck, R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty. 2000. Flux of nutrients from Russian rivers to the Arctic Ocean: Can we establish a baseline against which to judge future changes? Water Resources Research 36:2309-2320. Huntington, H.P., and S. Fox. 2005. The Changing Arctic: Indigenous Perspectives. Pp. 61-98 in Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA). Cambridge University Press. ICSU (International Council for Science). 2004. ICSU Report of the CSPR Assessment Panel on Scientific Data and Information. Paris: ICSU. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2000. Special Report on Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry. R.T. Watson, I.R. Noble, B. Bolin, N.H. Ravindranath, D.J. Verardo, and D.J. Dokken, eds. Cambridge University Press. IPCC Third Assessment Report: Climate Change 2001. R.T. Watson, D.L. Albritton, T. Barker, I.A. Bashmakov, O. Canziani, R. Christ, U. Cubasch, O. Davidson, H. Gitay, D. Griggs, K. Halsnaes, J. Houghton, J. House, Z. Kundzewicz, M. Lal, N. Leary, C. Magadza, J.J. McCarthy, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.R. Moreira, M. Munasinghe, I. Noble, R. Pachauri, B. Pittock, M. Prather, R.G. Richels, J.B. Robinson, J. Sathaye, S. Schneider, R. Scholes, T. Stocker, N. Sundararaman, R. Swart, T. Taniguchi, and D. Zhou, eds. Cambridge University Press. IPY (International Polar Year). 2005. IPY Data Policy Document (Draft of June, 2005). Available at: http://www.ipy.org/international/joint-committee/data-management.htm. Accessed on January 23, 2006. Isaksen, K., P. Holmlund, J.L. Sollid, and C. Harris. 2001. Three deep alpine-permafrost boreholes in Svalbard and Scandinavia. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 12:13-25. ISO (International Standards Organization). 2003. Geographic information—Metadata. ISO 19115:2003(E). ISO Technical Committee (ISO/TC) 211: Geographic Information/Geomatics. IWGEO (Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations). 2005. Strategic Plan for the U.S. Integrated Earth Observing System. Available at: http://usgeo.gov/docs/EOCStrategic_Plan.pdf. Accessed on January 18, 2006. Jorgenson, M.T., C.H. Racine, J.C. Walters, and T.E. Osterkamp. 2001: Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska. Climatic Change 48(4):551-571. Keeling, C.D. 1998. Rewards and penalties of monitoring the Earth. Annual Review of Energy and Environment 23:25-82. Keeling, C.D., J.F.S. Chin, and T.P. Whorf. 1996. Increased activity of northern vegetation inferred from atmospheric CO2 measurements. Nature 382:146-149. Kelly, B.P. 2001. Climate change and ice breeding pinnipeds. Pp 43-55 in: “Fingerprints” of Climate Change: Adapted Behaviour and Shifting Species’ Ranges. G.-R. Walther, C.A. Burga, and P.J. Edwards, eds. London and New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Krabill, W.B., W. Abdalati, E. Frederick, S. Manizade, C. Martin, J. Sonntag, R. Swift, R. Thomas, W. Wright, and J. Yungel. 2000. Greenland ice sheet: High-elevation balance and peripheral thinning. Science 289:428-430. Krupnik, I., and D. Jolly, eds. 2002. The Earth Is Faster Now: Indigenous Observations of Arctic Environmental Change. Fairbanks, Alaska: Arctic Research Commission of the United States. Krupnik, I., M. Bravo, Y. Csonka, G. Hovelsrud-Broda, L. Müller-White, B. Poppel, P. Schweitzer, and S. Sörlin. 2005. Social sciences and humanities in the International Polar Year 2007-2008: An integrating mission. Arctic 58(1):91-101. Leicester, S., G.R. Major, L. Olsen, and L. Belbin. 2001. The Virtual Antarctic Master Directory: A portal to Antarctic data sets. Annual Proceedings of the Geoscience Information Society 32:143-154. Liston, G.E., J.P. Mcfadden, M. Sturm, and R.A. Pielke. 2002. Modeled changes in arctic tundra snow, energy and moisture fluxes due to increased shrubs. Global Change Biology 8:17-32. Loring, E. 2005. Testimony to committee. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/meeting2.shtml. Magnuson, J.J., D.M. Robertson, B.J. Benson, R.H. Wynne, D.M. Livingstone, T. Arai, R.A. Assel, R.G. Barry, V. Card, E. Kuusisto, N.G. Granin, T.D. Prowse, K.M. Stewart, and V.S. Vuglinski. 2000. Historical trends in lake and river ice cover in the Northern Hemisphere. Science 289:1743-1746, doi: 10.1126/science.289.5485.1743. Moore, G.E. 1965. Cramming more components onto integrated circuits, Electronics Magazine 38(8):114-117. Nelson, F.E., and K.M. Hinkel. 2003. Methods for measuring active-layer thickness. In O. Humlum and N. Matsuoka, eds., Handbook on Periglacial Field Methods. Longyearbyen, Norway: University of the North in Svalbard. Available at: http://www.unis.no/RESEARCH/GEOLOGY/Geo_research/Ole/PeriglacialHandbook/ActiveLayerThicknessMethods.htm. Nelson, F.E., J. Brown, T. Lewkowicz, and A. Taylor. 1996. Active layer protocol. Pp. 14-16 in U. Molau and P. Molgaard, eds., ITEX Manual, Second Edition. Copenhagen: International Tundra Experiment. Nelson, F.E., K.M. Hinkel, N.I. Shiklomanov, G.R. Mueller, L.L. Miller, and D.A. Walker. 1998. Active-layer thickness in north-central Alaska: Systematic sampling, scale, and spatial autocorrelation. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:28963-28973. Nelson, F.E., N.I. Shiklomanov, and G.R. Mueller. 1999. Variability of active-layer thickness at multiple spatial scales, north-central Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 31:158-165. Nelson, F.E., O.A. Anisimov, and N.I. Shiklomanov. 2001. Subsistence risk from thawing permafrost. Nature 410:889-890. Nelson, F.E., O.A. Anisimov, and N.I. Shiklomanov. 2002. Climate change and hazard zonation in the circum-arctic permafrost regions. Natural Hazards 26:203-225. NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Finding the Forest in the Trees: The Challenge of Combining Diverse Environmental Data. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001. Enhancing NASA’s Contribution to Polar Science: A Review of Polar Geophysical Data Sets. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2003. Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska’s North Slope. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. NRC. 2004. A Vision for the International Polar Year 2007-2008. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

OCR for page 99
Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network NRI (Nunavut Research Institute) and ITC (Inuit Tapirisat of Canada). 1998. Negotiating Research Relationships: A Guide for Communities. Iqaluit and Ottawa: Nunavut Research Institute and Inuit Tapirisat of Canada (now known as Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami - ITK). NSB (National Science Board). 2005. Long-Lived Digital Data Collections: Enabling Research and Education in the 21st Century. National Science Board NSB-05-04. NSF (National Science Foundation), Office of Polar Programs. 2005. Principles for the Conduct of Research in the Arctic. Available at: http://www.nsf.gov/od/opp/arctic/conduct.jsp. NSF/LOC (National Science Foundation/Library of Congress). 2003. It’s About Time: Research Challenges in Digital Archiving and Long-Term Preservation, Final Report. Workshop on Research Challenges in Digital Archiving and Long-Term Preservation, August 2003. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Digital Government Program and Digital Libraries Program, Directorate for Computing and Information Sciences and Engineering, and the Library of Congress, National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program. NVO (National Virtual Observatory). 2005. Towards a National Virtual Observatory: Science Goals, Technical Challenges, and Implementation Plan. Available at: http://www.us-vo.org/pubs/files/white_paper.pdf. OCEAN.US. 2005. Data Management and Communications Plan for Research and Operational Integrated Ocean Observing Systems I. Interoperable Data Discovery, Access, and Archive. Available at: http://dmac.ocean.us/dacsc/imp_plan.jsp. Accessed on February 16, 2006. Osterkamp, T.E., and V.E. Romanovsky. 1999. Evidence for warming and thawing of discontinuous permafrost in Alaska. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 10(1):17-37. Otterå, O.H., H. Drange, M. Bentsen, N.G. Kvamstø, and D. Jiang. 2003. The sensitivity of the present-day Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to freshwater forcing. Geophysical Research Letters 30(17), 1898, doi:10.1029/2003GL017578. Overland, J.E., M.C. Spillane, and N.N. Soreide. 2004. Integrated analysis of physical and biological Pan-Arctic change. Climatic Change 63:291-322. Parsons, M.A., and R. Duerr. 2005. Designating user communities for scientific data: Challenges and solutions. Data Science Journal 4:31-38. Petersen, M.R., W.W. Larned, and D.C. Douglas. 1999. At-sea distribution of Spectacled Eiders: A 120-year-old mystery resolved. The Auk 116 (4):1009-1020. Peterson, B.J., R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, C.J. Vörösmarty, I.A. Shiklomanov, A.I. Shiklomanov, R.B. Lammers, and S. Rahmstorf. 2002. Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science 298:2171-2173. Pfeffer, W.T, and M. Dyurgerov. 2005. Testimony to committee. Available at: http://dels.nas.edu/prb/aon/meeting2.shtml. Plag, H.-P. 2000. Arctic tide gauges: A status report. Report IOC/INF-1147. Paris: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001216/121683e.pdf. Proshutinsky, A., A. Plueddemann, J. Toole, and R. Krishfield, eds. 2004. Ice-Based Observatories: A Strategy for Improved Understanding of the Arctic Atmosphere-Ice-Ocean Environment within the Context of an Integrated Arctic Observing System. Woods Hole, Massachusetts: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Riedlinger, D. 1999. Climate change and the Inuvialuit of Banks Island, NWT: Using traditional environmental knowledge to complement Western science. InfoNorth (Arctic) 52(4):430-432. Rignot, E., and R.H. Thomas. 2002. Mass balance of polar ice sheets. Science 297:1502-1506. Rigor, I.G., and J.M. Wallace. 2004. Variations in the age of Arctic sea-ice and summer sea-ice extent. Geophysical Research Letters 31, L09401, doi:10.1029/2004GL019492. Rigor, I.G., J.M. Wallace, and R.L. Colony. 2002. Response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation. Journal of Climate 15:2648-2662. Romanovsky, V., M. Burgess, S. Smith, K. Yoshikawa, and J. Brown. 2002. Permafrost temperature records: Indicators of climate change. Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 83(50):589-594. Ross, D.W., G.E. Daterman, J.L. Boughton, and T.M. Quigley. 2001. Forest health restoration in south-central Alaska: A problem analysis. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-523. Portland, Oregon: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Available at: http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/gtr523.pdf. Schiller, A., U. Mikolajewicz, and R. Voss. 1997. The stability of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation in a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Climate Dynamics 13(5):325-347. Schlosser, P., W.S. Tucker, W. Warnick, and A. York, eds. 2003. Arctic Research Support and Logistics: Strategies and Recommendations for System-scale Studies in a Changing Environment. Fairbanks, Alaska: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States. SEARCH (Study of Environmental Arctic Change) SSC (Science Steering Committee). 2001. Study of Environmental Arctic Change: Science Plan. Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle. SEARCH SSC and IWG (Implementation Working Group). 2003. SEARCH: Study of Environmental Arctic Change, Implementation Strategy, Revision 1.0. Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle. SEARCH. 2005. Study of Environmental Arctic Change: Plans for Implementation During the International Polar Year and Beyond. Report of the SEARCH Implementation Workshop, May 23-25, 2005. Fairbanks, Alaska: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States. Available at: http://www.arcus.org/search/meetings/2005/siw/report.php. Accessed on January 23, 2006. SEEDS Formulation Team. 2003. Strategic Evolution of Earth Science Enterprise Data Systems (SEEDS) Formulation Team Final Recommendations Report. Available at: http://lennier.gsfc.nasa.gov/seeds/FinRec.htm. Serreze, M.C., J.A. Maslanik, T.A Scambos, F. Fetterer, J. Stroeve, K. Knowles, C. Fowler, S. Drobot, R.G. Barry, and T.M. Haran. 2003. A record minimum Arctic sea ice extent and area in 2002. Geophysical Research Letters 30(3), doi: 10.1029/2002GL016406. Shaver, G.R., T.V. Callaghan, C.E. Tweedie, and P.J. Webber. 2004. Flagship Observatories for Arctic Environmental Research and Monitoring. Report of a workshop held November 18-20, 2004, at the Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. She, J., and J.L. Høyer. 2004. Ad hoc sampling strategy design for T/S monitoring in the Baltic-North Sea. Technical Report 04-13. Copenhagen: Danish Meteorological Institute. Available at: http://ocean.dmi.dk/staff/jlh/PAPERS/Tr04-13.pdf. Shiklomanov, A.I., R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty. 2002. Widespread decline in hydrological monitoring threatens Pan-Arctic research. Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 83(2):13. Smith, L.C., Y. Sheng, G.M. MacDonald, and L.D. Hinzman. 2005. Disappearing Arctic lakes. Science 308:1429. Smithwick, E., M.G. Turner, M.C. Mack, and F.S. Chapin III. 2005. Post-fire soil N cycling in northern conifer forests affected by severe, stand-replacing wildfires, Ecosystems 8:163-181, doi: 10.1007/s10021-004-0097-8. Smol, J.P., A.P. Wolfe, H.J.B. Birks, M.S.V. Douglas, V.J. Jones, A. Korhola, R. Pienitz, K. Ruhland, S. Sorvari, D. Antoniades, S.J. Brooks, M.A. Fallu, M. Hughes, B.E. Keatley, T.E. Laing, N. Michelutti, L. Nazarova, M. Nyman, A.M. Paterson, B. Perren, R. Quinlan, M. Rautio, E. Saulnier-Talbot, S. Siitonen, N. Solovieva, and J. Weckstrom. 2005. Climate-driven regime shifts in the biological communities of Arctic lakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(12):4397-4402. State Committee of the USSR on Hydrometeorology and Controlled Natural Environments. 1985. Arctic Atlas. Moscow: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. (In Russian). Stroeve, J.C., M.C. Serreze, F. Fetterer, T. Arbetter, W. Meier, J. Maslanik, and K. Knowles. 2005. Tracking the Arctic’s shrinking ice cover: Another extreme September minimum in 2004. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L04501, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021810.

OCR for page 99
Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network Sturm M., C. Racine, and K. Tape. 2001. Climate change: Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature 411:546-547. Thomas, R.H., W. Abdalati, E. Frederick, W.B. Krabill, S. Manizade, and K. Steffen. 2003. Investigation of surface melting and dynamic thinning on Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland. Journal of Glaciology 49:231-239. Uttal, T., J.A. Curry, M.G. McPhee, D.K. Perovich, R.E. Moritz, J.A. Maslanik, P.S. Guest, H.L. Stern, J.A. Moore, R. Turenne, A. Heiberg, M.C. Serreze, D.P. Wylie, O.G. Persson, C.A. Paulson, C. Halle, J.H. Morison, P.A. Wheeler, A. Makshtas, H. Welch, M.D. Shupe, J.M. Intrieri, K. Stamnes, R.W. Lindsey, R. Pinkel, W.S. Pegau, T.P. Stanton, and T.C. Grenfeld. 2002. Surface heat budget of the Arctic Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 83(2):255-276. Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D’Antonio., L.L. Loope, M. Rejmánek, and R. Westbrooks. 1997. Introduced species: A significant component of human-caused global change. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21:1-16. Walker, D.A., H.E. Epstein,W.A. Gould, A.M. Kelley, A.N. Kade, J.A. Knudson, W.B. Krantz, G. Michaleson, R.A. Peterson, C.L. Ping, M.A. Raynolds, V.E. Romanovsky, and Y. Shur. 2004. Frost-boil ecosystems: Complex interactions between landforms, soils, vegetation, and climate. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 15:171-188. Weaver, A.J., C.M. Bitz, A.F. Fanning, and M.M. Holland. 1999. Thermohaline circulation: High-latitude phenomena and the difference between the Pacific and Atlantic. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 27:231-285. Weller, G., F.S. Chapin III, K.R. Everett, J.E. Hobbie, D. Kane, W.C. Oechel, C.L. Ping, W.S. Reeburgh, D. Walker, and J. Walsh. 1995. The Arctic Flux Study: A regional view of trace gas release. Journal of Biogeography 22:365-374. Woodgate, R.A., and K. Aagaard. 2005. Revising the Bering Strait freshwater flux into the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L02602, doi:10.1029/2004GL021747. Zeeberg, J., and S.L. Forman. 2001. Changes in glacier extent on north Novaya Zemlya in the twentieth century. Holocene 11:161-175.