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Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems: Fishing, Food Webs, and Future Options References Aldebert, Y. 1997. Demersal resources of the Gulf of Lyons. Impact of exploitation on fish diversity. Vie Milieu 47(4):275–284. Aydin, K., and P. Livingston. 2003. Food Web Comparisons in the Eastern and Western Bering Sea. In: AFSC Quarterly Report. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA. Baker, C.S., and P.J. Clapham. 2004. Modeling the past and future of whales and whaling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19:365. Barange, M., F. Werner, I. Perry, and M. Fogarty. 2004. The tangled web: Global fishing, global climate, and fish stock fluctuations. GLOBEC Newsletter 10(2):20–23. Barbier, E. 1994. Valuing environmental functions: Tropical wetlands. Land Economics 70(2):155–173. Bascompte, J., C.J. Melián, and E. Sala. 2005. Interaction strength combinations and the overfishing of a marine food web. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences [USA] 102(15):5443–5447. Baumgartner, T.R., A. Soutar, and V. Ferreira-Bartrina. 1992. Reconstruction of the history of Pacific sardine and northern anchovy populations over the past two millennia from sediments of the Santa Barbara Basin, California. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Report 33:24–40. Beamish, R.J., ed. 1995. Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Vol. 121. National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada, 739 pp. Beamish, R.J., A.J. Benson, R.M. Sweeting, and C.M. Neville. 2004. Regimes and the history of the major fisheries off Canada’s west coast. Progress in Oceanography 60:355–385. Beddington, J.R., and R.M. May. 1977. Harvesting natural populations in a randomly fluctuating environment. Science 197:463–465. Beisner, B.E., D.T. Haydon, and K. Cuddington. 2003. Alternative stable states in ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:376–382. Benson, A.J., and A.W. Trites. 2002. Ecological effects of regime shifts in the Bering Sea and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Fish and Fisheries 3:95–113.

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