Berkeley, S.A., C. Chapman, and S.M. Sogard. 2004. Maternal age as a determinant of larval growth and survival in marine fish, Sebastes melanops. Ecology 85:1258–1264.
Birkeland, C. 1997. Life and Death of Coral Reefs. Chapman & Hall, New York, NY.
Bjorndal, T., and J. Conrad, 1987. The dynamics of an open access fishery. Canadian Journal of Economics 20:74–85.
Bjorndal, K.A., and J.B.C. Jackson. 2003. Roles of sea turtles in marine ecosystems: Reconstructing the past. In: The Biology of Sea Turtles, Vol. II, P.L. Lutz, J.A. Musick and J. Wyneken, eds. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 259–274.
Bockstael, N.E., and J. Opaluch. 1983. Discrete modeling of supply response under uncertainty: The case of the fishery. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 10:125–137.
Botsford, L.W., J.C. Castilla, and C.H. Peterson. 1997. The management of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Science 277:509–515.
Breitburg, D.L., and G.F. Reidel. 2005. Multiple stressors in marine systems. In: Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Sustaining the Sea’s Biodiversity, E.A. Norse, and L.B. Crowder, eds. Island Press, Washington, DC, 167–182.
Bundy, A. 2005. Structure and functioning of the eastern Scotian Shelf ecosystem before and after the collapse of groundfish stocks in the early 1990s. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 62:1453–1473.
Bundy, A., and L.P. Fanning. 2005. Can Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) recover? Exploring trophic explanations for the non-recovery of the cod stock on the eastern Scotian Shelf, Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 62:1474–1489.
Butterworth, D.S., and A.E. Punt. 1999. Experiences in the evaluation and implementation of management procedures. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56:985–998.
Caddy, J.F., and S.M. Garcia. 1986. Fisheries thematic mapping. A prerequisite for intelligent management and development of fisheries. Océanographie Tropicale 21(1):31–52.
Caddy, J.F., J. Csirke, S.M. Garcia, and R.J.R. Grainger. 1998. How pervasive is “fishing down marine food webs”? Science 282:1383a.
Callicott, J.B. 1995a. Conservation Ethics at the Crossroads. In: Evolution and the Aquatic Ecosystem: Defining Unique Units in Population Conservation, J.L. Nielsen, and D.A. Bowers, eds. American Fisheries Society Symposium, Vol. 17. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD, 3–7.
Callicott, J.B. 1995b. Conservation ethics and fishery management. Fisheries 16(2):22–28.
Carlton, J.T., J.B. Geller, M.L. Reaka-Kudla, and E.A. Norse. 1999. Historical extinctions in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30:525–538.
Carpenter, S.R. 2003. Regime Shifts in Lakes and Ecosystems: Patterns and Variation. Publication of Excellence in Ecology. Book 15 (Series). O. Kinne, ed. Ecological Institution, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany.
Carpenter, S.R., and W.A. Brock. 2004. Spatial complexity, resilience and policy diversity: Fishing on lake-rich landscapes. Ecology and Society 9(1):8.
Carpenter, S.R., J.F. Kitchell, and J.R. Hodson. 1985. Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience 35:634–639.
Carpenter, S.R., T.M. Frost, J.F. Kitchell, T.K. Kratz, D.W. Schindler, J. Shearer, W.G. Sprules, M.J. Vanni, and A.P. Zimmerman. 1991. Patterns of primary production and herbivory in 25 North American lake ecosystems. In: Comparative Analyses of Ecosystems, Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories, J. Cole, G. Lovett, and S. Findley, eds. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 96–97.
Carpenter, S., W. Brock, and P. Hanson. 1999. Ecological and social dynamics in simple models of ecosystem management. Conservation Ecology 3(2):4.
CCSBT (Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna). 2005. Report of the Fourth Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Canberra, Australia. Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, Canberra, Australia.