periodic limb movement, 100

sleep-disordered breathing, 146-147

sleep loss, 57, 59, 60, 63, 206

sleep patterns, 47, 48

Advanced sleep phase syndrome

etiology and risk factors, 109, 110

genetic factors, 260

manifestations and prevalence, 107, 110

treatment, 110-111

African Americans, 74, 97, 142, 162, 205, 263

Age/aging.

See also Adolescents;

Adults;

Children;

Infants;

Older adults

and impacts of sleep loss, 60

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 10, 209, 225, 229, 285, 366

Alcohol consumption/abuse, 23, 59, 63, 73, 80, 81, 91, 97, 148, 158, 159, 184, 352

Alertness, 48, 65, 142, 151

Alzheimer’s disease, 91-92, 93, 155, 262

Ambulatory technologies. See Portable monitoring and therapeutic devices

American Academy of Pediatrics, 75, 180

American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM), 2, 22, 26, 29, 67, 177, 179, 187, 188, 218, 219, 221, 224-225, 243, 296, 318

accredited fellowship training programs, 192-196, 314

Medical Education Committee, 189

membership, 235

mentoring program, 249

Pfizer Scholars Grant Program in Sleep Medicine, 244

standards for sleep centers, 312-313

Taskforce 2000, 188

American Association of Medical Colleges, 319

American Board of Internal Medicine, 198, 199, 297, 315

American Board of Medical Specialties, 9, 22, 191, 198-201, 202, 296, 315

American Board of Otolaryngology, 190, 198, 297, 315

American Board of Pediatrics, 190, 198, 297, 315

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 198, 297, 315

American Board of Sleep Medicine, 9, 196, 314-315

credentialing nonphysicians, 200-201, 202

certification examination, 197-198

establishment of, 198-201

American College Athletic Association, 185

American College of Chest Physicians, 225, 243

American Diabetes Association, 243

American Heart Association, 243

American Lung Association, 243

American Medical Association, 189

American Professional Sleep Societies, 22

American Sleep Apnea Association, 22, 177

American Sleep Disorders Association. See American Academy of Sleep Medicine

American Sleep Medicine Foundation, 244

Faculty Career Advancement Award, 243

American Thoracic Society, 225, 243, 248

Analysis of NIH grants

clinical, basic, and circadian rhythm projects, 270, 272

for device development, 273

protocol, 269, 275-276

by research strategy, 271, 273

review panel composition, 274-275

RFAs and PAs, 268-268

sleep disorders, 270, 272-273

by species, 271, 274

temporal trends, 269-272

Antiarrhythmics, 104, 105

Anxiety and anxiety disorders, 59, 63, 79, 81, 82

Appetite, 60-61, 72, 267

Arousal from sleep.

See also Sleep-wake regulation

disorders of, 82, 88-90

forced, 88

and myocardial infarction risk, 38

neurological systems, 76, 82

raphe magnus “off” cells, 101

response to respiratory resistance, 39

sleep-disordered breathing and, 65, 71

thresholds, 35-37, 47

Arrhythmias, 65, 69, 74

Asians, 162

Associated Professional Sleep Societies, 177, 186



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