Sussman D. 2000, May 25. Emergency shutdown: ER closures place patient care in jeopardy. Nurse [Online]. Available: [accessed January 16, 2006].

Thomas EJ, Studdert DM, Burstin HR, Orav EJ, Zeena T, Williams EJ, Howard KM, Weiler PC, Brennan TA. 2000. Incidence and types of adverse events and negligent care in Utah and Colorado. Medical Care 38(3):261–271.

Thomas M, Morton R, Mackway-Jones K. 2004. Identifying and comparing risks in emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Journal 21(4):469–472.

Todd K, Deaton C, D’Adamo A, Goe L. 2000. Ethnicity and analgesic practice. Annals of Emergency Medicine 35(1):11–16.

Trauma Tax Falls Short. 2004, August 27. Los Angeles Times. P. B12.

Weingart SN, Wilson RM, Gibberd RW, Harrison B. 2000. Epidemiology of medical error. British Medical Journal 320(7237):774–777.

Weiss SJ, Derlet R, Arndahl J, Ernst AA, Richards J, Fernandez-Frackelton M, Schwab R, Stair TO, Vicellio P, Levy D, Brautigan M, Johnson A, Nick TG. 2004. Estimating the degree of emergency department overcrowding in academic medical centers: Results of the national ED overcrowding study (NEDOCs). Academic Emergency Medicine 11(1):38–50.

White AA, Wright SW, Blanco R, Lemonds B, Sisco J, Bledsoe S, Irwin C, Isenhour J, Pichert JW. 2004. Cause-and-effect analysis of risk management files to assess patient care in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine 11(10):1035–1041.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement