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tobacco use, 27, 92, 131

unintended pregnancy, 120-121

Age.

See also Maternal age

perinatal terminology, 61

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 17, 158, 447

Agent Orange, 243, 250

Agricultural chemicals, 231, 237-241, 251, 252

Air pollution exposures

carbon monoxide, 234, 236

exposure assessment, 232-233

gestation stage and, 235-236

location of residence and, 138, 232, 235, 250

nitrous oxides, 234-235, 236

ozone, 234, 235, 236-237

particulates, 22-23, 231, 234, 235-236, 237, 252

PCBs, 242

sulfur dioxide, 22-23, 231, 233-234, 235-236, 237, 252

Alabama, 450, 651, 693

Alan Guttmacher Institute, 690

Albuterol, 291

Alcohol use, 27, 92, 120, 131, 134, 142, 371

Aldrin, 239

Alkaline phosphatase, 270, 272

α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA), 199

α-Fetoprotein, 270, 272

Altitude, and birth weight, 70

Aluminum sulfate, 249

American Academy of Pediatrics, 35, 57, 320-321, 647, 649, 655, 660, 663, 666, 667-668

American Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics Foundation, 437

American Board of Obstetric and Gynecology, 437

American Board of Pediatrics, 439

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 18, 33, 64, 258, 278, 292, 448

ethics handbook, 653, 655

sample antepartum record, 302-307

workforce data, 441

American Indians/Alaska Natives

birth weights, 77

educational attainment, 130

marital status, 128

maternal age, 128

preterm birth rates, 5, 49, 128

American Medical Association, 653

American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), 17, 18, 33, 165-166, 168, 258

Amniocentesis, 66

Amnionitis, 70, 184, 185-186, 191, 195, 200, 220

Ampicillin, 295, 296

Amplitude-integrated EEG, 68, 69

Anemia, 94-95, 163, 266, 327-328

Anencephaly, 671-672

Aneuploidy, 163, 269

Angelman syndrome, 164

Angiotensin II, 179

Animal models

intrauterine infections, 22, 181, 184, 185, 186, 195-196, 199-200

neonatal sequelae, 196-200, 202, 203, 206

parturition pathways, 22, 181, 184, 185, 186, 187, 192-196, 199-200, 251, 254

prenatal stress, 102, 180

PWMD, 196-197, 199-200

relevance to humans, 192, 193

species comparison of reproductive characteristics, 194-195

Antenatal counseling, 646

Antenatal maternal treatments, 12, 77, 74, 287, 289, 291, 295-300, 318, 651

Antibiotics.

See also individual antibiotics

efficacy for prevention of preterm birth, 22, 132, 151, 186, 274, 275, 276-280, 296, 727

gestational age and, 278

maternal infection, 132, 151, 186, 196, 276-280

neonatal side effects, 319, 322

for PPROM, 278, 296, 727

preconceptional use, 278-279

for preterm labor, 273, 295-296

Anticonvulsant drugs, 199

Anxiety, 24, 103, 104, 107-108, 111-112, 180, 371

Apnea, 318, 321

Apoptosis, 175, 188, 191, 199, 200, 325

Appendicitis, 279

Arab Americans, 158



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