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Index A Alienation within departments, a cultural barrier facing women faculty, 9193 AASCU. See American Association of State American Association of State Colleges and Colleges and Universities Universities (AASCU), 104106 AAUP. See American Association of American Association of University University Professors Professors (AAUP), 6 ACE. See American Council on Education American College President Study, 101 ACE Fellows Program, 105 American Council on Education (ACE), ACE Network, 106 101, 106107 Action steps, 114117 AP. See Advanced placement examinees for deans and provosts, 47, 70, 85, 99, Asian American female students, 1823, 37 108, 115116 ASPIRE (Alabama Supercomputing for department chairs, 47, 70, 85, 99, Program to Inspire Computational 108, 115 Research in Education) project, 33 for faculty, 47, 70, 85, 99, 108, 114 Assessments, collecting statistics needed for presidents, 47, 70, 85, 99, 108, 116 for, 82 117 Association of American Universities, 66 Administrative positions, policies to Audits. See Institutional audits advance women into, 3 Admissions process, revising, 36 Advanced placement (AP) examinees, 15 B 17 in computer science, 33 Bachelor's degrees awarded Advice networks, 59. See also Student by field and gender, 1718 advising in science and engineering, number of Adviser, Teacher, Role Model, Friend: On women receiving, 28 Being a Mentor to Students in Science Baylor University, 63 and Engineering, 60 Benefits African American female students, 1823, access to medical and dental, 4546 37 lower for women faculty, 102 125

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126 INDEX Big sister/little sister programs, 59 Departmental issues Black female students, 1823, 37 action steps for chairs, 47, 70, 85, 99, Bridging programs, developing, 39 108, 115 Bring Your Daughter to Work Day, 36 cultural alienation women faculty face, Bryn Mawr College, 105 5354, 9193 funding, 54 Diversity. See also Inclusiveness C advisory councils for, 32 setting targets for, 32 Candidates Doctoral degrees awarded casting a broader net to identify, by broad field and gender, 72 8182 in science and engineering, number of improving the positions of, 8384 women receiving, 28 Career Day for Girls, 36 DOE. See U.S. Department of Education Carnegie Corporation, 106 Duke University, 48 Carnegie Mellon University, 56 Duties, allowing modification of, 96 Celebration of women in computing, 59 Center for Policy Analysis, 107 Challenges, faced by female students and E faculty, 58, 30, 55, 77, 93, 103, 111 112 Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Chicana students, 1823 Scientists and Engineers: A Guide for Child care policies Postdoctoral Scholars, Advisers, establishing, 45, 8283 Institutions, Funding Organizations, reinforcing, 95 and Disciplinary Societies, 30 Chronicle of Higher Education, 102 EQUALS, 3334 Committee on Graduate Education, 66 Equity of salaries and resources, instituting Committee on Science, Engineering, and regular studies to determine, 45 Public Policy (COSEPUP), 11, 68 Executive leadership training, to help Committee on the Guide to Recruiting and women advance to executive Advancing Women Scientists and positions, 105106 Engineers in Academia, 1 Executive positions, recruiting and Committee on the Status of Women in advancing women to, 108 Computing Research, 42 Committee on Women in Science and Engineering (CWSE), 1, 89, 100 F Computer science and engineering (CSE) celebration of women in, 59 Faculty members, action steps for, 47, 70, majors in, 42 85, 99, 108, 114 Computing Research Association, 42 Faculty recruitment programs Constructive feedback, providing, 68 casting a broader net to identify COSEPUP. See Committee on Science, candidates, 8182 Engineering, and Public Policy collecting statistics on hiring processes CSE. See Computer science and and outcomes to aid in assessments, engineering 82 engaging in focused faculty recruiting, 81 having institutional executives D intervene, 82 modifying or expanding, 8182 Day-to-day policies, changing, 96 policies to enhance, 3 Deans and provosts, action steps for, 47, providing incentive grants, 81 70, 85, 99, 108, 115116 taking steps to diversify search committees, 81

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INDEX 127 Family-friendly policies, 27, 4546 Institutional audits, to help women Feedback, providing constructive, 68 advance to executive positions, 104 Freshmen intending to major in S&E, by Institutional executives, intervention by, 82 race/ethnicity, gender, and field, Institutional policies and practices 2024 creating spousal hiring programs, 83 Funding for graduate students. See also establishing parental leave policies and Research assistantships child care, 8283 providing secure, 6768 extending the tenure clock, 82 improving to recruit women faculty, 8283 G instituting sexual harassment sensitivity programs, 83 Gender disparities, in U.S. academia, 58 Institutional resources, fewer available to Gender inclusiveness, 2 women faculty, 9091 Graduate S&E programs, enhancing and improving, 4445 Graduate S&E students, 3943, 47, 70 J challenges of recruiting women, 2529, 111 Job satisfaction, among women faculty, 88 challenges of retaining women, 5354 Johns Hopkins University, 88 enhancing and improving Junior faculty, limiting service among, 95 undergraduate S&E programs, 42 96 identifying prospective students, 42 offering financial aid, 43 organizing on-campus orientations, 42 L 43 signaling the importance of women, 40 Leadership positions. See also Executive 41 leadership training strategies for recruiting women, 39 strategies for advancing women into, strategies for retaining women, 65 113114 women underrepresented among, 1 Low-income parents, 95 Grants, providing incentive, 81 M H Massachusetts Institute of Technology Harassment by gender, perception and (MIT), 9091 experience of, 52, 89 Master's degrees awarded, in science and Henry Luce Foundation, The, 88 engineering, number of women High school graduates, percentage taking receiving, 28 mathematics and science in high Medical and dental benefits, offering access school, by gender, 16 to, 4546 Hiring processes and outcomes, collecting Mentoring programs statistics to aid in assessments, 82 establishing, 5860 Housing subsidies, offering, 4546 to help "presidents-in-training," 104 105 to help women faculty, 9698 I improving, 6667 Methodology issues, 911 Incentive grants, providing, 81 Mexican American female students, 1823 Inclusiveness, 2 Millennium Leadership Initiative (MLI), "Inspired" individuals, 77 105

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128 INDEX MIT. See Massachusetts Institute of Policies and practices that advance women Technology faculty, 3 MLI. See Millennium Leadership Initiative allowing modified duties, 96 Modified duties, allowing for, 96 changing day-to-day policies, 96 equity of salaries and resources, 45 female- and family-friendly policies, N 4546 limiting service among junior faculty, National Academies, 1, 9, 11, 60, 66 9596 National Center for Education Statistics, offering housing subsidies and access to 49 medical and dental benefits, 4546 National Council of Chief Academic parental leave policies and child care, Officers, 104 45, 8283, 95 National Institutes of Health (NIH), 46 periodic reviews and adjustments of National Research Council, 30 salaries, 96 National Research Service Awards (NRSA), sexual harassment sensitivity programs, 46 45, 95 National Science Foundation (NSF), 6, 27, Postdoctoral S&E students 3335, 87 challenges of recruiting women, 2930, National Survey of Postsecondary Faculty 111 (NSOPF), 89n enhancing and improving the graduate National Survey of Recent College experience, 4445 Graduates, 35n establishing female- and family-friendly Networking. See also Advice networks policies and practices, 4546 to help women advance to executive by gender, 29 positions, 106 identifying prospective students, 45 NIH. See National Institutes of Health increasing salaries of, 46 NRSA. See National Research Service signaling the importance of women, 44 Awards strategies for recruiting women, 4347 NSF. See National Science Foundation strategies for retaining women, 70 NSOPF. See National Survey of women underrepresented among, 1 Postsecondary Faculty Presidents, action steps for, 47, 70, 85, 99, 108, 116117 O "Presidents-in-training," 104105 Princeton University, 38, 103 Office of Women in Higher Education Professional socialization, increasing, 63 (OWHE), 106 65, 67 On-campus orientations, organizing, 3638, Program for Gender Equity, 34n 4243 Promotion rates, women faculty facing Orientations, organizing on-campus, 3638, lower, 87 4243 Prospective students, identifying, 42, 45 OWHE. See Office of Women in Higher Provosts. See Deans and provosts Education Puerto Rican American female students, 1823 P R Parental leave policies establishing, 45, 8283 Recruiting women faculty, 1, 7185 reinforcing, 95 challenges of, 7277 Pedagogical changes needed, 6061 strategies for, 7884

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INDEX 129 Recruiting women students, 1447 enhancing education and outreach challenges of, 1430 efforts at the K-12 level, 3335 strategies for, 3047 female graduate students, by field, 26 Research assistantships, 43 national "talent" in finding talent for, Research questions, 89 40 Research time, of women faculty, number of women receiving degrees in, inadequate protection of, 8990 28 Resources, determining equity of access to, preparation for, 5152 45 showing interest in high school, 48 Retaining women graduate students, 6568 Search process improving mentoring, 6667 for applicants, broadening, 3536 increasing professional socialization, 67 changing to help women advance to providing constructive feedback, 68 executive positions, 107 providing secure funding for graduate diversifying committees for, 81 students, 6768 Service, limiting among junior faculty, 95 signaling the importance of women, 65 96 66 Sexual harassment Retaining women postdoctoral fellows, 68 instituting sensitivity programs for, 45, 69 83 Retaining women students, 3, 4870 reinforcing sensitivity programs for, 95 challenges of, 4955 Smith College, 38 strategies for, 5569 Social events, 3638, 4243, 59 Retaining women undergraduate students, Society of Women Engineers (SWE), 36, 63 5565 Spousal hiring programs, creating, 83 establishing mentoring programs, 5860 Statistics needed for assessments, increasing engagement with women collecting, 82 students, 6163 Strategies for advancing women faculty, increasing professional socialization, 9498 6365 creating and reinforcing policies and making pedagogical changes, 6061 practices, 9596 signaling the importance of women, 56 engaging women faculty more fully in 57 the institution, 98 strengthening student advising, 5758 signaling the importance of women, 94 Retention rates, women faculty facing 95 lower, 88 strengthening mentoring, 9698 Rutgers, the State University of New Strategies for advancing women to Jersey, 62 executive positions, 103107 changing the search process, 107 conducting an institutional audit, 104 S developing executive leadership training, 105106 Salaries engaging in networking, 106 instituting regular studies to determine mentoring "presidents-in-training," equity of, 45, 110 104105 undertaking periodic reviews and Strategies for recruiting women faculty, adjustments of, 96 7884 Science, 44 improving institutional policies and Science and engineering (S&E) enterprise, practices, 8283 13 improving the positions of candidates, doctoral degrees awarded to women, 8384 by field, 7475

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130 INDEX modifying or expanding faculty freshmen intending to major in S&E, recruitment programs, 8182 2024 signaling the importance of women organizing on-campus orientations, 36 faculty, 7880 38 Strategies for recruiting women students, residence halls for women in, 62 3047 revising the admissions process, 36 graduate student recruitment, 3943 signaling the importance of women, 32 policies to enhance, 23 33 postdoctoral recruiting, 4346 strategies for recruiting women, 3039, undergraduate student recruitment, 30 47 39 strategies for retaining women, 55, 70 Students. See also Graduate S&E students; University of Pennsylvania, 82 Postdoctoral S&E students; University of Southern California, 64 Undergraduate S&E students; University of Southern Colorado, 37 Women students U.S. Department of Education (DOE), 15, strengthening advising of, 5758 25, 49 Summer Institute for Women in Higher U.S. News and World Report, 13 Education Administration, 105 W T White female students, 1823 Team-oriented courses, 60n Why So Slow, 77 Tenure-track faculty issues, 72 WIE. See Women in Engineering extending the tenure clock for women, WISE. See Women in Science and 82 Engineering males and females tenured at top 50 Women, Minorities, and Persons with U.S. educational institutions, 76 Disabilities in Science and Engineering, women faculty facing lower tenure 6 rates, 87 Women advancing Tilghman, Shirley, 38, 103 in four institutions, 1113, 109110 Time to promotion, women faculty facing signaling the importance of, 3233, 40 longer, 87 41, 44, 5657, 6566, 9495 Training. See Executive leadership Women advancing to executive positions, training 100108 challenges faced by, 101103 strategies for, 103107 U Women faculty, challenges faced by, 8699, 112 Undergraduate S&E programs, enhancing alienating departmental cultures, 9193 and improving, 42 fewer institutional resources, 9091 Undergraduate S&E students isolation, 9293 broadening the search for applicants, longer time to promotion, 87 3536 lower benefits, 102 celebrating research work of, 64 lower job satisfaction, 88 challenges of recruiting women, 1525, lower retention rates, 88 111 lower tenure and promotion rates, 87 challenges of retaining women, 4953 marginalization, 92 developing bridging programs, 39 research time inadequately protected, enhancing S&E education and outreach 8990 efforts at the K-12 level, 3335 work-family conflicts, 91

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INDEX 131 Women faculty, strategies for advancing, 1, Women Professionals from Industry, 36 8699. See also Policies and practices Women students, 3, 1430, 4955 that advance women faculty challenges faced by, 111 engaging more fully in the institution, increasing engagement with, 6163 54, 98 race and ethnicity of, 1823 recruitment strategies, 85, 113 recruiting graduate students, 2529 retention and advancement strategies, recruiting postdocs, 2930 9499, 113 recruiting undergraduates, 1525 signaling the importance of women, 78 retaining graduate students, 5354 80 retaining undergraduates, 4953 Women in Engineering (WIE), 63 strategies to advance, 112113 Women in Science and Engineering Work-family conflicts, women faculty (WISE), 63 facing, 91 Women Presidents Network, 104, 106