sity of Connecticut; Vasiliki Costarelli, South Bank University; Peter Dodds, Columbia University; Stephen Gibson, University of Sydney; Alfred Heusner, University of California, Davis; Steven Heymsfield, St. Luke’s Roosevelt Hospital, New York; Michael Huston, Texas State University; Walter Jetz, University of California, San Diego; Jan Kozlowski, Jagiellonian University, Cracow; Neo Martinez, Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab; Robert May, University of Oxford; Kevin McCann, University of Guelph; Brian McNab, University of Florida; Shai Meiri, Imperial College, London; Jim Miller, Missouri Botanical Garden; Bertram Murray, Rutgers University; Sean Nee, University of Edinburgh; Karl Niklas, Cornell University; Andrew Numa, South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service; Han Olff, University of Groningen; Stuart Pimm, Duke University; Andy Purvis, Imperial College, London; John Reynolds, University of East Anglia; Robert Ricklefs, University of Missouri, St. Louis; Mark Ritchie, Syracuse University; David Robinson, University of Aberdeen; Klaus Rohde, University of New England; Michael Rosenzweig, University of Arizona; Van Savage, Harvard University; Nancy Slack; Lawrence Slobodkin, State University of New York, Stony Brook; John Speakman, University of Aberdeen; and Wayne van Voorhies, Arizona State University. Norman Reid and his colleagues at St. Andrews University Library greatly aided my research in the D’Arcy Thompson archive, and Alison Hopkins provided invaluable help with illustrations. Any mistakes are my fault.

Thanks also to my agent, Peter Tallack, for selling this book and my editor, Jeffrey Robbins, for buying it and for his work on the finished product. And especially to my mum and dad for their support.

Web Site

The following reference list is skeletal, containing only the most relevant, recent, and (physically, electronically, and intellectually) accessible sources. There is a longer and ongoing list of references relating to the topics in this book online at The site also contains extra figures and illustrations, updates on the science described in this book, a blog, and corrections.

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