home-range size and, 225227

Humboldt’s research, 212213

limits of current knowledge, 245248

metabolism and, 202203, 227229

mid-domain effect, 217219

neutral ecology model, 196197, 198199, 219, 237

niche model, 177179, 181, 186187, 202

power laws, 187188

predator effects, 190

probability modeling, 193194

resource competition and sharing models, 177, 178, 179, 180186

size of ecological zone and, 224227

size of living things and, 233

unifying theory, 202203

universal biodiversity number, 195196

Biological scaling, 3, 239240

biomechanical correlations, 80

four-dimensional conceptualization, 85, 113114

fractal geometry and, 90, 127

network modeling, 102, 108, 110111

patterns, 7879

in single-cell organisms, 116119

Biology, science of

consistency of rules in, 4344

generalization in, 232233, 235240

government support, 8788

historical development, 56, 1112

information in, 244245

limits of current knowledge, 245248

mathematics and, 2, 1819, 2325, 88, 242243

pattern recognition in, 235236

physics and, 18, 9798, 231232, 234235, 237

Thompson’s mathematical studies, 1223

vitalist philosophy, 2, 15

Biomechanics, 80, 8182

Blood supply, 9092, 103, 114115

animal size and, 107108

fluid dynamics, 108110

fractal geometry, 106107, 108, 115

Blum, Jacob, 85

Body size

allometric measurement, 5861

biodiversity and, 9394, 233

bone structure and, 3940

cell biology and, 72, 73

drug dosing considerations, 69

ecological research, 9495

ecological resource competition and, 181182

energy metabolism and, 3840, 41, 4450, 57, 7378, 134

environment and, 4144

evolutionary patterns, 42

in food chains, 176

forest growth patterns, 153154, 167168, 169

harvesting and, 125126

home-range size and, 160161

individual development and, 123, 125126, 128129

life span and, 8889, 142143

limits of tree growth, 163164

niche model of biodiversity and, 181, 182

organ size and, 73

population density and, 154162

prospects for cross-species model of metabolism, 8385

reproductive biology and, 131

resource distribution network design and, 107108

risk of extinction and, 9596

significance of, in biological research, 34, 39

Boecklen, William, 184

Bolivar, Simon, 209

Boltzmann, Ludwig, 3

Boltzmann factor, 119, 120

Bone structure

biomechanics, 8182

body size and, 3940



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