Halpern, Paul, Wesson, Paul. "6 Escape Clause: Circumventing the Big Bang Singularity." Brave New Universe: Illuminating the Darkest Secrets of the Cosmos. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2006.
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Brave New Universe: Illuminating the Darkest Secrets of the Cosmos
to dealing with five or higher dimensions. Yet we should point out that the fourth dimension was controversial for a number of years after Minkowski first identified it as time. Even Einstein needed to be convinced. Eventually, he and others came to accept the four-dimensional nature of space-time.
Just as the fourth dimension provided a natural way of describing time, introducing the fifth dimension can do the same for mass. It provides a natural way of resolving one of the fundamental mysteries: How did all the mass in the universe arise?