Barbour, Julian, 207, 208

Barrow, John, 95, 163

Baryons, 127128

Bell Labs, 9091

Bernabei, Rita, 136137

Bernstein, Aaron, 103

Besso, Michele, 209

Beta decay, 128129, 130

Bethe, Hans, 86, 87

Big Bang theory, 1, 2, 5, 15, 85

αβγ model, 8788, 90, 92

confirmation of, 111113

cosmic microwave background and, 13, 9193, 111113

Eddington model, 8486

flatness problem, 9598, 103, 104, 106, 110, 161, 193

graceful exit problem, 105, 107

homogeneity problem, 99, 104, 188

horizon problem, 98102, 104, 106, 161, 187188, 193

Hubble expansion and, 3, 13, 103, 105

inflationary models, 89, 102113, 117, 118, 119, 154, 161, 162, 175176, 188, 190, 193

isotropy problem, 99, 100102, 104, 111

Lemaitre model, 8384

magnetic monopole problem, 103, 104

mixmaster (anisotropic) universe, 100101, 131

and nucleosynthesis, 87, 90, 9394

objections to, 83, 88, 89, 112, 158

shape of, 202

singularity, 119, 171, 173176, 192, 202

standard model, 1, 2, 3, 9394, 103, 109, 158, 190, 191

temperature of fireball, 92, 100

timing of events, 9395

Weyl curvature hypothesis and, 102

Big Crunch, 1, 81, 85, 145

Big Rip, 144146, 230

Big Whimper, 1, 145146

Binary pulsars, 69

Binary star systems, 44, 49

Black holes, 166, 192, 193

accretion process, 49

astronaut’s fate in, 5051, 52

candidates, 49

Chandrasekhar limiting mass, 156, 169

colliding, 69, 71, 72

detection, 49, 169

escape from, 51, 53

event horizon, 48, 50, 52, 58, 204

formation process, 4950, 146

general relativity and, 50, 65

geodetic effects, 65

gestation of baby universes in, 226

Hawking radiation, 5253

Kerr-Newman solution, 51

Kruskal diagrams, 53

massive, 65

in Milky Way, 5152

and negative mass, 57, 58

primordial, 51

properties, 4749, 51, 125, 169, 203

Schwarzschild metric, 48, 53, 203204

singularities, 48, 50, 51, 52, 171, 174, 204

sizes, 5152

time dilation, 50

wormholes, 5354

X-ray emissions, 49

Blackett, Patrick, 67

Blake, William, 7

Bloated massive neutrinos, 137

Blueshift, 10

Bohr, Niels, 180, 213, 217, 228

Bolyai, János, 78

Bondi, Hermann, 9, 56, 88

Bonnor, William B., 177

Borges, Jorge Luis, 221

Bosonic strings, 138, 183

Bosons, 108, 137139, 140141, 181, 219

Boulby salt mine, 135

Brahe, Tycho, 3



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