TABLE 2-1 OPTN/UNOS Waiting List at the End of Year, 1995 to 2004

Year

Number of Waiting List Candidates at the End of the Year

Increase in Number from Previous Year

1995

41,575

 

1996

47,423

5,848

1997

53,413

5,990

1998

59,908

6,495

1999

65,313

5,405

2000

71,694

6,381

2001

76,987

5,293

2002

78,627

1,640

2003

82,259

3,632

2004

86,378

4,119

SOURCE: HRSA and SRTR (2006).

TABLE 2-2 OPTN/UNOS Waiting List, Transplant Candidates (March 24, 2006)

Organ

Number on Waiting List

All organs

91,214

Kidney

65,917

Liver

17,249

Pancreas

1,748

Kidney and pancreas

2,505

Heart

3,008

Lung

3,092

Heart and lung

149

Intestine

191

SOURCE: OPTN (2006).

tions from living donors (living donations) has leveled off, and in 2004 and 2005 there were slightly fewer living donors than deceased donors.

Since 1988, more than 390,000 organs have been transplanted, with approximately 80 percent of the transplanted organs coming from deceased donors (Table 2-3; OPTN, 2006). One concern is the number of organs that are recovered from deceased donors but not transplanted; it is estimated that each year 10 to 14 percent of the kidneys recovered are not transplanted4 (Delmonico et al., 2005). Adverse biopsy results account for

4

The percentage of kidneys that are recovered but not transplanted has remained relatively constant since 1995 (Delmonico et al., 2005).



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