Forms of Assistance, How Assistance Can Be Delivered, and How Accountability and Measurable Objectives Can Be Ensured

The workshop presentations and discussions concerning cooperation between high-income and developing countries, as well as the conclusions of the World Report, clearly indicate the challenges of scaling up knowledge transfer, international cooperation, and assistance. The workshop presentations also provided examples of the objectives, content, and organization of cooperative international road safety programs. Elements of international assistance programs that probably will be critical to success include the following:

  • Programs should take a long-term perspective aimed at institutional capacity building at the national level.

  • Programs must be multisectoral; that is, resources and capabilities will be required not only by road agencies, but also by law enforcement, emergency response and medical services, education and research institutions, and agencies of general public administration responsible for infrastructure planning, data, and evaluation. Attaining the needed cooperation across sectors in developing countries was identified as a serious challenge and a difficulty encountered in most projects.

  • Programs should have specific goals and incorporate monitoring and evaluation.

The World Bank’s second-generation traffic safety projects are the prototype for projects aimed at satisfying these requirements comprehensively. However, participants described activities of more limited scope that are consistent with such a comprehensive framework, including the following:

  • Activities that tie professionals to the international community of practitioners in research, education, engineering, and public administration so as to develop skills and promote awareness of best practices. The Road Traffic Injuries Research Network and activities of the Transportation Research Board that attract substantial international participation are examples.

  • Assistance on data programs that can provide credible quantitative evidence of the economic and human costs of traffic-related deaths and

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