decision makers)? Which were the hardest elements to put in place? Why? What changes in research, decision-making, or both have occurred as a result of the system?

  • Learning orientation: Did your program have an expressly experimental orientation? How did it identify which risks to take? How did it identify success and failure? How did it engage outside evaluators to help it reflect on its own experience? What are the most important lessons you have learned regarding pitfalls to be avoided, or approaches to be followed in the future?

  • Continuity and flexibility: How do budgetary requirements and/or human resource pressures influence your program? What, if any, collaborative funding mechanisms have you developed to ensure continuity and relevance to users’ needs? If applicable, how do you maintain public funding, or incorporate private funding, for the provision of a partially private good? What, if any, innovative approaches have you developed for enhancing human capacity in your program area (e.g. building curricula or providing incentives to reward interdisciplinary activities)?

  • Other insights: What other insights or conclusions emerge from your experience about the factors responsible for success and failure in activities designed to link knowledge to action?

  • Other issues: Are there any other issues that you would like to discuss during the workshop?


Theme 1: Air Quality and Climate (moderator: Jim Mahoney)

  • James Buizer, Arizona State University – International Research Institute for Climate Prediction

  • Lisa Vaughan, NOAA – Research Applications Initiative

  • Joel Scheraga, EPA – Development of Adaptation Strategies in the Great Lakes Region

  • Claudia Nierenberg, NOAA – Challenges of NOAA’S RISA

  • Lawrence Friedl, NASA – Air Quality Management




Theme II: Technology Co-development (moderator: Bob Frosch)

  • Ron Birk, NASA – Integrated System Solutions

  • Todd Mitchell, Houston Advanced Research Center – Accelerated Development of Clean Air Policy in Houston and Dallas

  • Bill Wallace, Engineers Without Borders

  • Jeff Cochrane, USAID – USAID’s IT program

  • John Warner, Green Chemistry Institute

  • Steve Lingle and Bob Wellek, EPA and NSF – Technology for a Sustainable Environment




Theme III: Agriculture and Ecosystems (moderator: Emmy Simmons)

  • Herman Karl, USGS – Co-Production of knowledge

  • Woody Turner, NASA – MesoAmerican Biological Corridor

  • Michael Jawson, USDA – Natural Resources and Sustainable Agricultural Systems

  • Bhavani Pathak, USAID – USAID’s Biotechnology Programs

  • Ed Sheffner, NASA – Agricultural Efficiency Applications Project

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