James L. Buizer is on loan from NOAA’s Office of Global Programs to the Arizona State University where he serves as Executive Director of Sustainability Initiatives and Special Advisor to the President. He also serves as Director for Science Applications with the Office of the Vice President for Research and Economic Affairs. He is responsible for the design and implementation of university-wide sustainability research, education, and applications initiatives. At NOAA he served as Director of the Climate and Societal Interactions Program of the Office of Global Programs, where he built a number of programs that bridge science and society. He received his degrees in Oceanography, Marine Resource Economics, and Science Policy from the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.


William Clark is Harvey Brooks Professor of International Science, Public Policy, and Human Development at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. Dr. Clark was trained as an ecologist, and now works on the linkages between environmental change and economic development. He has recently completed a large collaborative study on “Learning to Manage Global Environmental Risks” (MIT Press), tracing the history of how countries around the world came to address the problems of acid rain, ozone depletion, and climate change. For the last five years, he has co-directed the Global Environmental Assessment Project, a research and training effort to improve the effectiveness of scientific advice in international environmental policy making. Clark has been involved in research on sustainability issues since his early work with Buzz Holling on “Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management” (Wiley Publishers, 1979) and Bruce Johnston on “Redesigning Rural Development: A Strategic Perspective” (Hopkins University Press, 1982). Before joining Harvard in 1987, he led the program on sustainable development of the biosphere at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria. More recently he co-chaired (with Bob Kates) the U.S. National Research Council’s study Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability (National Academy Press, 1999). He is now deeply involved in the international Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability.


Jeffrey Cochrane is an information technology specialist for the US Agency for International Development, with 15 years experience focusing on access to basic telecommunications for poor communities around the world. He is currently Coordinator of USAID’s Last Mile Initiative, which seeks to transform rural economies by extending the world’s telecommunications networks to reach those not presently well served, with a particular emphasis on innovative applications of wireless technologies, and on innovative business models for low-income consumers. Dr. Cochrane holds a Ph.D. in resource economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has taught economics at the University of Sierra Leone, and has personally lived and worked overseas for extensive periods in Kenya, Sierra Leone, and the Central African Republic.


Robert A. Frosch is Senior Research Associate in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. He is a theoretical physicist by education. (A.B., Columbia College; Ph.D., Columbia University). He conducted research in ocean acoustics at Columbia and later served as Director for Nuclear Test Detection, and Deputy Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research and Development, Assistant Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme, Associate Director for Applied Oceanography of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Administrator of NASA, President of the American Association of



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