American Board of Emergency Medicine, 41

American Board of Pediatrics, 41

American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), 39, 105, 165, 264

American College of Surgeons, 13, 110111, 271, 273

American Pediatric Surgical Association, 43

American Trauma Society, 43

Anthrax, 229

Asthma management, 176

Atropine, 237

Automated external defibrillator, 202203

Automobile crashes, 39, 52, 54

airbag research, 254255

B

Bag mask ventilation, 158

Balanced Budget Act, 80

Bar code technology, 199200

Basic life support

role of emergency medical technicians, 152

shortcomings of pediatric care capabilities, 50

training for, 154, 155

Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act, 195196

Bicycle accidents, 54

Biochemical events

antidotes, 237

health care system preparedness, 227–22

training for, 238

vulnerability of children, 25

Boarding, 7172

Bomb injuries, 225

C

Carbon monoxide poisoning, 191192

Cardiac arrest, 202203

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 253

Categorization of emergency medical services

goals, 111

implementation, 113115

pediatric acute care facilities, 47, 49

recommendations for, 4, 111112, 146

regionalization of pediatric emergency care, 109110, 111

shortcomings of current system, 24, 51

trauma centers, 43

trauma system, 110111

Causes of ED visits, 1819, 5559, 59

Causes of prehospital calls, 20, 63, 79

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 40, 132, 262

new lead agency for EMS system and, 141

recent funding cuts, 135137

research activities, 27, 262, 268

structure and operations, 262

transition to new lead agency for EMS system, 143

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

EMTALA review, 130

payment system, 128129

public reporting activities, 119

research support from, 263

See also Medicaid;

Medicare

Centers of excellence, 266267

Child, defined, 29

Child abuse/neglect

ED utilization related to, 6970

risk, 54, 55

Children’s hospitals

capacity and utilization, 19

Medicaid reimbursement, 85

teaching in, 8687

Children’s Oncology Network, 268

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pediatric Emergency Care, 176

Committee on the Future of Emergency Care, 23, 2728

Communication, interpersonal, cultural competency of providers, 210211

Communications technologies and systems

current shortcomings, 3, 103, 222

for disaster response, 222

to improve coordination of care, 107108

model EMS systems, 120121, 123

risk of error in emergency care, 189

Computed tomography, 201202

Congress, recommendations for, 6, 7, 13, 14, 126, 139, 142143, 144, 146147, 257, 273



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