29. Turner, G.M., M.C. Beard, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer. 2002. Carrier localization and cooling in dye-sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide. J. Phys. Chem. B 106:11716-11719.


30. (a) Heimer, T.A., and E.J. Heilweil. 1997. Direct time-resolved infrared measurement of electron injection in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide films. J. Phys. Chem. B 101:10990-10993.


(b) Gosh, H.N., J.B. Asbury, and T. Lian. 1998. Direct observation of ultrafast electron injection from coumarin 343 in TiO2 nanoparticles by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. B 102:6482-6486.


31. The Drude model applies the kinetic theory of gases to metal conduction. It describes valence electrons as charged spheres that move through a “soup” of stationary metallic ions with finite chance for scattering.


32. Beard, M.C., G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer. 2002. Terahertz spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. B 106:7146-7159.

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