TABLE E-1 Prioritization of R&T Challenges for Area E: Intelligent and Autonomous Systems, Operations and Decision Making, Human Integrated Systems, and Networking and Communications

 

 

 

Strategic Objective

National Priority

Why NASA?

NASA Priority Score

 

 

 

Capacity

Safety and Reliability

Efficiency and Performance

Energy and the Environment

Synergies with Security

Support to Space

Supporting Infrastructure

Mission Alignment

Lack of Alternative Sponsors

Appropriate Level of Risk

Why NASA Composite Score

R&T Challenge

Weight

5

3

1

1/4 each

E1

Methodologies, tools, and simulation and modeling capabilities to design and evaluate complex interactive systems

9

9

9

9

9

3

156

3

9

3

9

6.0

936

E2

New concepts and methods of separating, spacing, and sequencing aircraft

9

9

9

3

3

1

130

3

9

3

9

6.0

780

E3

Appropriate roles of humans and automated systems for separation assurance, including the feasibility and merits of highly automated separation assurance systems

9

9

9

1

3

1

124

3

9

3

9

6.0

744

E4

Affordable new sensors, system technologies, and procedures to improve the prediction and measurement of wake turbulence

9

9

3

1

1

1

104

3

9

3

9

6.0

624

E5

Interfaces that ensure effective information sharing and coordination among ground-based and airborne human and machine agents

3

9

9

1

9

3

102

3

9

3

9

6.0

612

E6

Vulnerability analysis as an integral element in the architecture design and simulations of the air transportation system

3

9

9

1

9

1

100

3

9

3

9

6.0

600

E7

Adaptive ATM techniques to minimize the impact of weather by taking better advantage of improved probabilistic forecasts

9

3

9

3

1

1

98

3

9

3

9

6.0

588

E8a

Transparent and collaborative decision support systems

3

9

9

1

3

3

96

3

9

3

9

6.0

576

E8b

Using operational and maintenance data to assess leading indicators of safety

3

9

9

1

3

3

96

3

9

3

9

6.0

576

E8c

Interfaces and procedures that support human operators in effective task and attention management

3

9

9

1

3

3

96

3

9

3

9

6.0

576

E11

Automated systems and dynamic strategies to facilitate allocation of airspace and airport resources

9

3

9

3

3

1

100

3

9

1

9

5.5

550

E12

Autonomous flight monitoring of manned and unmanned aircraft

3

9

3

1

9

1

82

3

9

3

9

6.0

492

E13

Feasibility of deploying an affordable broad-area, precision-navigation capability compatible with international standards

9

9

3

1

3

1

106

3

3

3

9

4.5

477

E14

Advanced spacecraft weather imagery and aircraft data for more accurate forecasts

3

3

9

3

1

1

68

3

9

3

9

6.0

408

E15

Technologies to enable refuse-to-crash and emergency autoland systems

1

9

1

1

3

1

60

3

9

3

9

6.0

360

E16

Appropriate metrics to facilitate analysis and design of the current and future air transportation system and operating concepts

3

3

9

3

3

1

70

3

9

3

3

4.5

315

E17

Change management techniques applicable to the U.S. air transportation system

9

9

9

1

3

1

124

1

3

3

3

2.5

310

E18

Certifiable information-sharing protocols that enable exchange of contextual information and coordination of intent and activity among automated systems

3

1

9

1

9

1

60

3

9

3

3

4.5

270

E19

Provably correct protocols for fault-tolerant aviation communications systems

3

9

3

1

3

1

76

3

3

1

1

2.0

152

E20

Comprehensive models and standards for designing and certifying aviation networking and communications systems

3

9

3

1

1

1

74

3

3

1

1

2.0

148



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