committee had to define priorities for aeronautics R&T at NASA, this report focuses on civil rather than national or homeland security aeronautics research. This objective acknowledges that a great deal of civil aeronautics research also has national and homeland security applications. The goal is to transfer research results to DoD and DHS, as appropriate.
Support to space refers to the added value of specific aeronautical research if it helps to achieve the first four Strategic Objectives while also helping to achieve the goals of NASA’s space program, including access to space, space exploration, reentry, and aeronautics as they relate to the performance of vehicles in non-Earth atmospheres. Results of research on relevant topics, such as hypersonics and operations in extreme (or alien) environments, would be transferred to NASA’s space program.
The future of the air transportation system should be guided by quantifiable goals (NRC, 2003b). The federal government, however, does not have quantifiable goals related to the Strategic Objectives. Quantifiable goals are included in the strategic research agenda that is guiding aeronautics research in Europe. For example, European research goals for 2020 include the following (ACARE, 2004):
Reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 50 percent.
Reduce perceived external noise by 50 percent.
Reduce oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by 80 percent.
Goals unsupported by funded and approved R&T programs, however, are little more than aspirations, and U.S. efforts to define quantifiable goals for the future should be coordinated with R&T planning efforts to reach the desired end state, consisting of credible goals and a properly directed R&T program.
Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE). 2004. Strategic Research Agenda 2. Vol 1. Available online at <www.acare4europe.com/html/background.shtml>.
General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA). 2004. General Aviation Statistical Databook. Available online at <www.generalaviation.org/dloads/2004StatisticalDatabook.pdf>.
Lubitz, K. 1997. Study of Aircraft Accidents in Canada from 1987 to 1996. Aurora, Ontario: Ultralight Pilots Association of Canada. Available online at <www.challenger.ca/upac-accident-study/>.
Maier, M. 2006. Architecting Principles for Systems-of-Systems. White Paper. The Information Architects Cooperative (TiAC). Available online at <www.infoed.com/Open/PAPERS/systems.htm>.
National Research Council (NRC). 1991. The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Available online at <http://fermat.nap.edu/catalog/1634.html>.
NRC. 2001. Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Available online at <www.nap.edu/catalog/9839.html>.
NRC. 2003a. New Frontiers in the Solar System. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Available online at <http://books.nap.edu/catalog/10432.html>.
NRC. 2003b. Securing the Future of U.S. Air Transportation: A System in Peril. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Available online at <http://fermat.nap.edu/catalog/10815.html>.
NRC. 2003c. The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Available online at <http://books.nap.edu/catalog/10477.html>.
NRC. 2005. Earth Sciences and Applications from Space: Urgent Needs and Opportunities to Serve the Nation (Interim Report). Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Available online at <www.nap.edu/catalog/11281.html>.